BOARD POLICIES AND PROCEDURES
10.1 INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY POLICY
I. STATEMENT OF AUTHORITY AND PURPOSE
This policy is promulgated by the Board of Trustees pursuant to the authority conferred upon it by §23-41-
104(1), C.R.S. (2008) in order to set forth a policy concerning the ownership and control of intel ectual
property developed by CSM employees and students. This Policy shall supersede any previously
promulgated CSM policy that is in conflict herewith.
CSM recognizes that inventions and discoveries, and the patents, copyrights, know-how and trade secrets
accruing from these, may be the natural outgrowth of the academic activities and research of its faculty
members, employees, and students. CSM deems it desirable to secure control and ownership of this
intellectual property to fulfill its role and mission and to benefit the public through its technology transfer
For the purposes of this policy, the following definitions shall apply:
A. Intellectual Property Owned by CSM
This phrase shall refer to inventions, innovations, discoveries, methods, apparatus, know-how, designs,
models, distinct shapes, works of authorship (including computer software), any strains, varieties, or
cultures of an organism, or any portion, modification, improvements, translation, or extension of these
items which are made, devised, designed, conceived, formulated, developed, produced, invented, or
improved upon as part of the Inventor's employment relationship with CSM, or which bear upon or arise
out of the Inventor's activities for CSM or a contracting third party, or which are developed pursuant to the
Inventor's duties and obligations to CSM as an employee or student (including curriculum obligations), or
developed where CSM has the right to control the manner and means of production of an invention,
innovation, discovery, method, or apparatus. It also includes any marks used in connection with these. In
this Policy, the term “Intellectual Property” shall refer to Intellectual Property that must be disclosed to
CSM by employees and that is deemed to be owned by CSM.
B. Intellectual Property Owned by the Employee-Inventor
This phrase shall refer to intellectual property for which CSM will not assert ownership, including works of
art that are made or valued primarily for artistic purposes rather than practical function (e.g., art objects,
literary works, musical compositions), academic instruction materials (e.g., course materials), or traditional
scholarly works (such as a scientific article published in a refereed journal, a monograph, a book, a thesis,
or a similar contribution to a collective work) that are authored by an employee within the scope of
employment, unless such works are produced as part of a sponsored program (e.g., as a contracted-for
research deliverable) or are works that are specifically commissioned by CSM. Works that are specifically
commissioned by a third-party sponsor or CSM wil be owned by CSM, not the Inventor.
Scholarly work may add to the existing body of fundamental scientific knowledge. Although a scholarly
work may be published on a web site, the web site itself is not a scholarly work. In this policy, the term
“Intellectual Property” shall not refer to intellectual property for which CSM does not intend to assert
This term shall refer to any individual who makes, alone or jointly with others, a significant contribution to
the creation of an invention, innovation, discovery, method, or apparatus. Ultimately, if a patent
application is filed, and subsequently granted, the allowed claims will dictate who is a named inventor
listed on a patent.
D. Use of CSM Facilities, Equipment or Resources
This phrase shall refer to any use of CSM laboratories, equipment, computers, personnel, or library
facilities that is more than incidental, or any use thereof that is essential to the creation of Intellectual
E. CSM Research
This phrase shall refer to any research conducted by a CSM employee in fulfillment of his or her
employment agreement with CSM and/or research using CSM Facilities, Equipment or Resources.
IV. STATEMENT OF OWNERSHIP PRINCIPLE
Intel ectual Property created within the scope of an Inventor's employment, or by anyone utilizing CSM
facilities while performing duties required by a third party contract, or made or done with the use of funds
supplied or administered by CSM, shall be the sole property of CSM, unless inconsistent with other
provisions of this Policy. Acceptance of the terms and conditions of this Policy is and shall be a condition
of employment for al CSM faculty, staff and students and a condition of engagement for any student in
the activities of sponsored research or thesis preparation where CSM facilities, equipment, or resources are
used in the project.
CSM employees engaged in consulting or external business activities and those charged with approving
such activities on behalf of CSM are responsible for ensuring that any related agreements with external
entities are not in conflict with this Policy or other commitments involving CSM. Employees should make
their obligations to CSM clear to those with whom they make agreements and should provide other parties
to the agreement with a current statement of this Policy. The Director of Technology Transfer, upon
request, will provide assistance in this regard. CSM's rights and the individual employee's obligations to
CSM that are set forth in this Policy are in no way abrogated or limited by the terms of such agreements
with third parties.
V. DISCLOSURE AND RECORDKEEPING
A. It shall be the responsibility and the duty of an Inventor to promptly notify the Director of Technology
Transfer in writing and make full disclosure of any invention, discovery, innovation, method, or apparatus
which has potential value as Intellectual Property.
B. It shall be the responsibility of any person working on a research or creative activity which might give
rise to Intellectual Property to keep periodic records of the activity in a bound notebook, with each entry
signed and dated by both the Inventor and a witness having specific knowledge of both the activity and
the academic discipline involved.
C. Unless required by the provisions of a third party contract pursuant to which Intellectual Property is
created, no disclosure of Intellectual Property shall be made to any third party without the prior approval
of the Director of Technology Transfer, unless a formal release of rights to the Intellectual Property has
been executed by an officer of CSM or his or her delegate.
VI. FORMAL PROTECTION OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
A. In accordance with the procedures hereinafter set forth, CSM shal, after disclosure by an Inventor,
determine, in its sole discretion, whether and how to protect any Intel ectual Property subject to this
B. In the event that an application for patent, copyright or other form of protection is decided upon and
pursued, CSM shal have the right to prepare or have prepared, file, and prosecute such application, and
the Inventor shal provide ful cooperation in such effort. The Inventor shal execute such oaths, powers of
attorney, petitions, affidavits, assignments of rights, and such other documents as are necessary to
prosecute such application, receive such patents (domestic and foreign), and vest all right, title, and
interest therein in CSM, subject to the preemptive rights, if any, of third party contractors or sponsors.
VII. JOINT OWNERSHIP
In the event Intelectual Property is created by a CSM Inventor and an Inventor from an outside entity
(e.g., another university, private company, or national laboratory):
A. Ownership of the Intellectual Property shall be divided between CSM and the outside entity in a
proportion identical to the inventive contributions made by the respective parties. Any commercial return
from the Intellectual Property shall be divided in the same proportion as ownership; and
B. CSM shal have control over the filing and prosecution of any patent applications and other forms of
intellectual property protection as well as commercial exploitation of the Intellectual Property unless an
agreement to the contrary is negotiated by an officer of CSM or his or her delegate.
VIII. DIRECTOR OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
The Director of Technology Transfer shall be designated by the President of CSM and shal have the
following duties and responsibilities for the implementation of this Policy under the general direction of the
Vice President for Research and Technology Transfer (VPRTT):
A. Receive all disclosures from Inventors of Intellectual Property.
B. Process all disclosures of Intellectual Property as follows:
1. Conduct a reasonable investigation of the patentability and commercial potential of the
Intellectual Property (with the assistance of legal counsel, if needed);
2. Make a decision within six (6) months as to whether to seek patent or copyright protection
based on scientific merit, patentability and commercial potential for the Intellectual Property,
exploit the Intellectual Property on a commercial basis without legal protection, or waive al of
CSM's property rights in the Intellectual Property; and
3. Communicate the decision to the Inventor.
C. Procure appropriate assignments from Inventors.
D. Administer the filing of patent applications, copyright and other forms of intellectual property protection.
E. Execute formal waivers of CSM's rights to any items of Intellectual Property that CSM has decided not to
F. Administer the commercial use, licensing, or other disposition of all Intellectual Property in which CSM
possesses any title or interest.
G. Monitor previously filed patent applications and the maintenance of issued patents
H. Review and approve intellectual property clauses and provisions in all agreements, grants, or other
documents or instruments that may concern or affect CSM.
I. Inform the Inventor(s) of the decision not to pursue or to abandon the application, and in such cases
provide the Inventor the opportunity to procure the Intel ectual Property from CSM by assignment. Such
assignment shall be made only if any conflicts that arise as the result of such an assignment can be
effectively managed. Such assignment will also include a provision stating that 5% of any revenues
received through commercial exploitation of the Intellectual Property by the Inventor(s) shal be returned
J. Perform such other specific duties as may be reasonably implied from the terms and provisions of this
K. Manage the enforcement or defense of any CSM Intellectual Property rights.
IX. APPEAL PROCEDURE
A. In the event that the Inventor disagrees with the decision of the Director of Technology Transfer not to
pursue intellectual property protection, the Inventor may, within ten (10) business days of receipt of the
decision, appeal to the VPRTT for the appointment of a Patent and Discovery Committee, hereinafter the
"P & D Committee." The P & D Committee, which shal be appointed by the VPRTT, shal consist of three
(3) or more regular members of the CSM faculty who are acceptable to both the Inventor and the VPRTT.
Should the Inventor fail to appeal to the VPRTT, the decision of the Director of Technology Transfer shal
B. The duties of the P & D Committee shall consist of the following:
1. Conduct an examination of all available information concerning the Intel ectual Property;
2. Confer with the Inventor and the Director of Technology Transfer;
3. Consult with other faculty members, legal counsel or third party contacts in the field of
endeavor if necessary; and
4. Submit a recommended course of action to the VPRTT.
C. After considering the recommendation of the P & D Committee, the VPRTT shal issue a decision on the
appeal of the Inventor within ten (10) business days after receipt of the recommendation from the P & D
D. If the Inventor disagrees with the decision of the VPRTT, the Inventor may appeal to the President for a
different course of action. In order to be considered, such an appeal must be submitted to the President
within ten (10) business days of the Inventor's receipt of the VPRTT’s decision. Should the Inventor fail to
appeal to the President, the decision of the VPRTT shall be final.
E. The President shall issue a final decision on the Inventor's appeal within ten (10) business days of
receipt of the appeal.
F. Any time limitation in this Section IX may be extended by the mutual agreement of the Inventor and
X. EQUITIES OF PARTICIPATING PARTIES
A. Inventions Owned by CSM
This subsection is applicable to all Intellectual Property Owned by CSM.
1. The Inventor shall assign all right, title, and interest in and to any such Intellectual Property to
2. Net proceeds from the item of Intellectual Property shall be calculated by subtracting the costs
of obtaining and maintaining a patent that are not reimbursed by the party(s) licensing the
technology, if any, and al other expenses of commercial exploitation from the gross proceeds.
These expenses shall first be returned to CSM prior to any further distribution of proceeds from
the Intellectual Property.
3. Of the first thirty thousand dollars ($30,000) in net proceeds (excluding reimbursement for
patent costs), fifteen thousand ($15,000) wil be distributed to the Inventor(s) and fifteen
thousand ($15,000) to the Office of Research and Technology Transfer for investment in
4. After the initial thirty thousand ($30,000) of net proceeds, any additional revenue will be divided
as fol ows: 35% to the Inventor(s); 35% to the CSM general fund and 30% to either the CSM
academic department that is the home department(s) of the Inventor(s) or the research center
which funded the research, at the discretion of the Inventor(s).
5. Any revenue that CSM col ects that is designated in the agreement as reimbursement for past
and/or future patent costs shall not be included in net proceeds, but instead shall be provided to
the Office of Research and Technology Transfer for the purpose of funding CSM’s patent costs
related to the Intel ectual Property.
6. In the case of the death of a CSM Inventor, any revenue that is due the Inventor wil be
distributed to the Inventor’s heirs.
B. Inventions Jointly Owned by CSM and a Third Party
This subsection is applicable to Intellectual Property in which the invention has at least one Inventor
employed by CSM and at least one Inventor employed by one or more outside entities.
1. A statement of ownership rights shall be an integral part of any sponsored research agreement
and such agreement must be properly executed prior to the initiation of any sponsored research
2. The rights to any Intellectual Property resulting from any sponsored research shall be
distributed pursuant to the terms regarding intellectual property ownership rights contained in the
written agreement governing the sponsored research project. Such terms shall be consistent with
applicable federal and state laws.
3. The division of the revenues resulting from licensing or optioning jointly-owned inventions shall
be determined in accordance with the inventive contribution of all parties and according to any
subsequent commercialization agreement.
4. Revenue distributed to CSM shall be divided in the manner described in Section X.A of this
C. Intellectual Property Involving Several CSM Inventors
1. If an item of Intel ectual Property results from the joint efforts of two or more CSM Inventors,
they shal attempt to reach an agreement specifying a distribution of the compensation which
would normally be paid to a single Inventor. This agreement shall be submitted in writing to the
Director of Technology Transfer at the time the Intellectual Property is disclosed.
2. In the event an agreement cannot be reached between the Inventors, a Royalty Arbitration
Committee, consisting of at least three (3) regular members of the CSM faculty, shal be appointed
by the VPRTT. The CSM faculty members who wil serve on the Committee shal be acceptable to
both the Inventors and the VPRTT. The Royalty Arbitration Committee shal make a
recommendation to the VPRTT regarding an equitable distribution of royalties within ten (10)
3. After considering the recommendation of the Royalty Arbitration Committee, the VPRTT wil
render a decision on the appeal of the Inventors within ten (10) business days after receipt of the
4. If the Inventors disagree with the decision of the VPRTT, the Inventors may appeal to the
President for a different course of action. In order to be considered, such an appeal must be
submitted to the President within ten (10) business days of the Inventor's receipt of the VPRTT’s
decision. Should the Inventors fail to appeal to the President, the decision of the VPRTT shall be
5. The President shall render a final decision on the Inventors’ appeal within ten (10) business
days of receipt of the appeal.
6. Any time limitation in this Section C may be extended by the mutual agreement of the Inventors
XI. Formation of Start-Up Companies
A. Grant of a License or Option to a Start-Up Company that Involves CSM Employees.
1. Should a CSM employee desire to form a private company based on an invention owned by
CSM, he or she shal inform the Director of Technology Transfer and submit to the Director a
request for a license from CSM to utilize the invention.
2. The Director of Technology Transfer shall determine the suitability of the invention in a start-up
company context, taking into consideration any conflict management needs and the legal and
practical aspects of utilizing the invention in this context.
3. If it is determined that a start-up company is a reasonable path forward, both the employee
and the start-up company shal develop a conflict management plan that must be approved by the
VPRTT and Provost, and implemented before the license agreement between the start-up
company and CSM can be signed.
B. Conflict and External Work Disclosure Requirements
1.CSM employees are required to disclose to CSM and obtain institutional approval prior to
engaging in any external commitments that may create a potential or actual conflict of interest
situation for the employee or CSM, pursuant to Section 6.3 of the Faculty Handbook. Should an
employee’s commitment to or involvement in a start-up company create an actual or apparent
conflict of interest, such conflict must be disclosed in a timely manner as outlined in Section 6.3.4.
2. External work, including external employment, paid services, professional consulting and non-
remunerative external commitments must be disclosed and approved in advance of the employee’s
performance of such work pursuant to Section 6.4 of the Faculty Handbook. An employee’s
commitment to or involvement with an external start-up company (regardless of the employee’s
ownership interest in the company) must be disclosed and approved pursuant to Sections 6.4.2
C. Conflict Management Plans for Start-Up Companies
1. Conflict management plans shal be developed in concert with the Office of Research and
Technology Transfer and the Provost, with input from CSM’s Legal Services Office and CSM’s Office
of Research Administration, as appropriate. The terms of such plans shall be consistent with
applicable state and federal law, and CSM policy.
2. Conflict management plans shall address, but not be limited to, the following: use of students in
company-sponsored research; the role of any students in the company; the disposition of any new
intellectual property developed; the anticipated time commitment required of CSM employees in
the company’s endeavors; and the anticipated use of CSM facilities in support of the company’s
work and operations.
3. CSM may require modifications to conflict management plans should new information arise or
situations change. The employee and company wil be required to sign and implement the new
conflict management plan. If either the employee or company fails to sign and effectively
implement the conflict management plan, CSM shal have the right to terminate the license or
option agreement. The Director of Technology Transfer, Provost and Legal Services Office will
work in concert to develop any modifications to conflict management plans.
Promulgated by the CSM Board of Trustees on December 14, 1990.
Amended by the CSM Board of Trustees on June 5, 2009
- II. POLICY STATEMENT
- III. POLICY
- II. PREFACE
- III. POLICY STATEMENT
- IV. DEFINITIONS
- A. Research Misconduct
- V. RESPONSIBILITIES OF SPECIFIC CSM GROUPS
- B. Administrative Personnel
- VI. COMPLAINT REVIEW PROCEDURES
- II. PREFACE
- III. POLICY