SECTION 17900
BUILDING COMMISSIONING

PART 1 - GENERAL
1.01 WORK DESCRIPTION:
A. General:
1. The Commissioning process is a joint team effort to ensure that all
mechanical equipment, controls, and systems function together
properly to meet the design intent of the Engineer, and to
document system performance parameters for fine-tuning of
control sequences and operation procedures.
2. The Commissioning Process shall encompass and coordinate the
traditionally separate functions of system documentation,
equipment start-up, control system calibration, testing and
balancing, training, and performance testing. Testing and
balancing, controls, and training are addressed in other sections
of the Specifications.
3. The Commissioning described herein is not intended to supersede
or replace the normal system startup by the contracting team,
observations by the design team or balancing by the Test and
Balance Contractor.
4. Commissioning Process: In as much as possible, the
Commissioning Process shall occur during the construction of the
project for all portions of the mechanical system that are
scheduled to be complete at the opening day. This is intended to:
a. Reduce as much as possible any duplication of work or testing
for the Contractor.
b. Identify and solve any potential mechanical system design or
construction problems as they relate to functional
performance, prior to opening day.
B. Commissioning Team:
1. The commissioning team shall be made up of the:
a. Commissioning Authority (CSM Plant Engineering or their
representative)
b. CSM Planning and Construction
c. CSM HVAC and Electrical assigned technician
d. Design Consultants
e. Construction trades including major equipment suppliers.
2. The trades represented on the commissioning team will include:
a. General Contractor
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b. Mechanical Contractor
c. Electrical Contractor
d. Building Management System Contractor
e. Fire Alarm System Contractor
f. Test, Adjust, and Balancing Contractor
3. The lead tradesman for each trade who will actually perform or
supervise the commissioning work is to be designated as the
representative to the commissioning team.
4. Responsibility for various steps of the commissioning process will
be divided among the members of the commissioning team, as
described in this section.

1.02 RELATED DOCUMENTS
A. Division 1
B. Division 15
C. Division 16
1.03 DEFINITIONS:
A. Definition of Terms:
1. Installation Verification: This initial portion of the Commissioning
Process includes observations and punch lists recorded and
performed by the Engineer to ensure that all equipment is
installed in accordance with the Specifications and Drawings. The
Commissioning Authority shall overview this process.
2. Pre-functional Testing: This portion of the Commissioning Process
involves primarily the test and balance and startup personnel to
ensure that individual pieces of equipment are capable of
performing in accordance with the Specifications, Drawings, and
manufacturers' requirements. This is documented with a pre-
functional checklist provided and completed by the Contractor.
The Commissioning Authority shall overview this testing.
3.
Functional Performance Testing: This portion of the
Commissioning Process involves dynamic tests that ensure that
all mechanical systems function in accordance with design intent.
The tests are dynamic and on-line and test the systems through
all possible modes of operation.
4. Calibration: To check or adjust the graduations of a quantitative
measuring instrument against a known standard.
5. Adjustment: To change the speed, flow, position, signal, or level of
any piece of mechanical equipment.
6. Tuning: To adjust for maximum performance.
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7. Minor Adjustment: To add, subtract, or change various
parameters included in the operation logic of a mechanical system
or systems in order to improve or optimize operational
performance. This refers only to the specified performance logic.
Difficulties encountered in accomplishing a minor adjustment
shall not be used to define a minor versus a major adjustment.
8. Major Adjustment: To fully change the specified operation logic of
a mechanical system or systems. This refers only to the specified
performance logic. Difficulties encountered in accomplishing a
minor adjustment shall not be used to define a minor versus a
major adjustment.
9. System Component or System Element: A single piece of
mechanical equipment such as a pump, fan, chiller, boiler, coil,
etc. that when combined together through piping or ductwork will
comprise a "System".
10. System: A combination of system components that allow the
manufacture or distribution of conditioned air or water from one
location to another.
1.04 COMMISSIONING RESPONSIBILITIES
A. Commissioning Authority Responsibilities:
1. Coordinate and direct each step of the commissioning process,
and recommend acceptance or non-acceptance to the Owner.
2. Assist in clearly identifying problems encountered in testing the
functional performance of the mechanical system and
cooperatively assist in the development of the solutions to those
problems. These potential problems may include mechanical
design, mechanical installation, mechanical equipment, controls
devices, controls installation, controls software, etc. The
commissioning Authority shall be competent to review and
understand the software code developed by the Controls
Contractor.
3. Coordinate directly with each subcontractor with respect to their
responsibility and contractual obligations.
4. Obtain, assemble and submit commissioning documentation.
5. Attend periodic on-site commissioning activities.
6. Develop the commissioning plan and schedule.
7. Develop the commissioning checklists and functional performance
test plans. If there is a conflict between the requirements of the
Engineer and those of the Commissioning Authority, and the
conflict cannot be resolved, the requirements of the Engineer shall
have precedence.
8. Coordinate the installation verification inspections.
9. Review the controls documentation and interface with other
systems.
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10. Review the operation and maintenance information and as-built
drawings provided by the various subcontractors and vendors.
11. Note any inconsistencies or deficiencies in the system.
12. Enforce system compliance and recommend modifications to the
system design that will correct or enhance the system
performance.
13. Coordinate the Owner witnessing of the tests.
14. Be present during start-up activities to assist and witness the
execution of startup.
15. Monitor the performance of the Test, Adjust and Balance
Contractor.
16. Review the accuracy and calibration of any instrumentation
utilized for the functional performance testing.
17. Direct the functional performance testing.
18. Track commissioning deficiencies until correction.
19. Prepare and submit the Commissioning Reports.
20. Assemble and submit the final Commissioning Report.
21. In the event that any one of the Contractors or Engineers are
unwilling or unable to participate in the commissioning process
and/or the resolution of problems identified in the
commissioning process, that portion of the commissioning
process shall be discontinued until such time that
Contractor/Designer participation and problem resolution is
resumed. The Commissioning Authority shall notify the Owner's
Representative in writing of:
a. The portion of the commissioning process in question.
b. The problem being encountered with the system.
c. The problem being encountered with the Contractor/Designer.
d. The approximate costs encountered in attempting to get
cooperation and projected costs in completing that portion of
the commissioning process.
B.
Smoke Management System Commissioning Authority
Responsibilities:
1. Inspect the following:
a. Automatic Dampers
b. Fans
c. Control Diagrams
d. Marking & Identification

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2. Verify the following
a. Vestibules
b. Fans
c. Detection Devices
d. Dampers
e. Inlets and Outlets
f. Smoke
Barriers
g. Standby Power
h. Control Action and Priorities
i. Controls
j. Response
Time
3. Reports: Provide the following reports and forms:
a. Verification Plan
b. Testing and Validation Forms
c. Daily Log and Report Forms
d. Non-Compliance Forms
C. Design Engineer Responsibilities:
1. Observations and checklists for Installation Verification as defined
in Part 2 of this specification.
2. Additional calculation and investigation of design adjustments
needs by the Engineers as defined by the Commissioning
Authority.
3. Participation in the resolution of potential design concerns as
discovered during the commissioning process.
D. Contractor Responsibilities:
1. Pre-functional Testing, a start-up procedure performed prior to
balancing as defined in Part 2 of this specification.
2. Providing any technical personnel required for physical operation,
testing, and simulation of control sequences for each piece of
controlled equipment as required by the Commissioning Authority
during the Functional Performance Testing. This shall include
chiller service personnel, boiler service personnel, the temperature
control engineering and technical startup crew, mechanical
contracting service personnel for miscellaneous mechanical
equipment, and balancing contractor personnel. To the extent
possible, these personnel will be scheduled.
3. Additional calibration and adjustment of the mechanical
equipment included in each mechanical system for proper
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operation under actual operation as defined by the Commissioning
Authority.


4. Additional testing, calibration, adjustment, tuning, and minor
adjustments to the temperature controls system sequences for
proper operation under actual operation as defined by the
Commissioning Authority. Additional testing, calibration and
adjustment of the mechanical water and air flows of each
mechanical system for proper operation under actual operation as
defined by the Commissioning Authority.

PART 2 - COMMISSIONING PROCESS
2.01 GENERAL
A. Scope Meeting: Early in the construction process, a commissioning
scope meeting involving all members of the commissioning team shall
be held at a time and place designated by the Owner. The purpose of
the meeting will be to familiarize all parties with the requirements of
the commissioning process, and to ensure that the responsibilities of
each party are clearly understood.
B. Progress Meetings: The Commissioning Authority shall conduct
monthly commissioning meetings during the initial 75% of the
project. During the final 25% of the project construction, the
Commissioning Authority shall conduct weekly meetings.
C. During all meetings, the meeting minutes shall be recorded and
distributed to the Owner and all concerned parties in a timely
manner. Responsibility for meeting minute recording and
distribution shall be determined during the scope meeting.
2.02 SYSTEM START-UP AND TESTING
A. General Requirements:
1. All systems and system components shall be tested in presence of
Commissioning Authority (and the Engineer if desired by the
Engineer) to demonstrate compliance with specified requirements.
To minimize the time of commissioning, contracting, and
engineering team members, testing shall be done in seasonal
single blocks of time insofar as possible.
2. The Contractor shall notify the Commissioning Authority fourteen
(14) days prior to scheduled Functional Performance Tests, of the
scheduled completion date of the Installation Verification and Pre-
functional Testing.
3. All testing shall be conducted under specified design operating
conditions as approved by Commissioning Authority and
Engineer.
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4. All elements of systems shall be tested to demonstrate that total
systems satisfy all requirements of these Specifications. Testing
shall be accomplished on hierarchical basis. Each piece of
equipment shall be tested for proper operation, followed by each
subsystem, followed by entire system, followed by any inter-ties to
other major systems.
5. All special testing materials and equipment shall be provided by
Contractor. This includes, but is not limited to, proprietary
equipment, hand-held control parameter/setpoint adjustment
tools, and water/air flow balancing readout and adjustment tools.
6. One copy of all test reports and records shall be provided to
Commissioning Authority.
B. Test Procedure Development and Test Documentation:
1. Within sixty (60) days prior to startup of the mechanical system,
the Commissioning Authority shall prepare and submit to the
Owner's Representative and Engineer for review, descriptions of
the test procedures, which the Contractor will perform to
demonstrate conformance of completed mechanical systems to the
Plans and Specifications.
2. The decision of the Commissioning Authority and Engineer upon
acceptability of test procedures shall be final. In the event of
irresolvable conflict between the decisions of Commissioning
Authority and Engineer, Engineer's decision shall have
precedence. However, in no case shall such decision excuse the
Contractor from fulfilling the requirements of commissioning as
described in this Section.
C. Installation Verification Recommendations:
1. All systems and system components shall be checked and verified
that they have been installed according to the drawings and
specifications, and that all connections have been made correctly.
2. Each system of interactive system components shall be observed
and verified that it is ready to function as specified.
3. Verification of complete and proper installation shall be completed
prior to starting Component Performance Tests.
4. The Installation Verification shall be documented in a checklist
format for each system/piece of equipment. Each checklist shall
be dated and initialed by the Engineer.
D. Pre-functional Testing Requirements:
1. Each system component shall be checked for proper installation,
shall be adjusted, and shall be calibrated to verify that it is ready
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to perform as specified.
2. All system components shall be checked to verify that they have
been installed properly and that all connections have been made
correctly. Verification shall be completed that each piece of
equipment or system has been checked for proper lubrication,
drive rotation, belt tension, control sequence or other conditions,
which may cause damage.
3. Verification shall be completed that test, meter readings and
specific electrical characteristics agree with those required by
equipment or system manufacturer.
4. All discrete elements and sub-systems of system components shall
be adjusted and shall be checked for proper operation.

Verification shall be completed that wiring and support
components for equipment are complete and tested.
5. Verification of complete and proper installation shall be completed
prior to starting Functional Performance Tests.
6. The Pre-functional Tests shall be documented in a checklist
format for each system and each piece of equipment. Each
checklist shall be dated and initialed by the Contractor.
E. Functional Performance Testing Requirements:
1. A Functional Performance Test shall be performed on each
complete system. Each function shall be demonstrated to the
satisfaction of the Commissioning Authority on a paragraph-by-
paragraph basis of the written test procedure, developed to
demonstrate conformance to requirements of contract
Specifications and the Design Intent Document.
2. Each Functional Performance Test shall be witnessed and signed
off by the Commissioning Authority, Contractor, and Owner's
Representative (and Engineer if requested) upon satisfactory
completion.
3. The Functional Performance Testing Program shall be conducted
in accordance with prior approved procedures and shall be
documented as required hereinafter.
4. The Commissioning Authority shall notify the contracting team,
CSM Planning and Construction, the Architect, and the Engineer
at least two weeks prior to date of scheduled Functional
Performance Tests. The seasonal Functional Performance Test
periods shall be scheduled over a single block of days. The
schedule of the Functional Performance Tests shall be based on
the construction completion schedule.



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2.03 REPORTS
A. Documentation - General:
1. The Commissioning Authority shall record and maintain detailed
testing data. The data record shall be comprehensive and concise.
2. All data must be recorded as soon as possible during the course of
the testing.
3. All documentation shall have the date and time, and the names of
persons participating in the inspection and testing.
4. All test instruments shall be documented for valid calibration.
5. The recording work sheets, inspection checklists, and performance
testing plans must all be approved by the Engineer, Owner and
Commissioning Authority prior to the start of Functional
Performance Testing.
B. Daily Commissioning Report Logs:
1. The Commissioning Authority shall provide daily report logs to be
included in the final report.
2. The daily logs shall record the Commissioning Authority personnel
and event summaries of meetings, conversations, tests, failures,
solutions, procedures and successes.
C. Functional Performance Test Plans, Tables and Checklists:
1. The Commissioning Authority shall prepare detailed test plans
with associated checklists to organize and document the
Functional Performance Testing.
2. A separate test plan is required for each device or control
sequence.
3.
A separate checklist is required for each of the
equipment/systems. The sample test plan and checklist in part B
and C of this section of the specifications, below, is provided as an
example of the level of detail and logical approach required in the
System Performance test checklists.
4. Provide testing tables for large quantities of repetitive test events
such as outside air volumes, VAV box close-offs, valve close-offs,
etc.
D. Final Report:
1. The Commissioning Agent shall prepare and submit to the Owner's
Representative a final report after completion of the
commissioning.
2. The report shall verify performance of HVAC equipment and
systems.
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3. Any field modifications to the testing process, and why these
modifications were made, shall be documented.
4. The organization of the final mechanical systems commissioning
report shall be as follows:
a. Executive Summary of each mechanical system and problems
encountered and resolved.
b. System Overview summarizing the system design.
c. Commissioning Plan
d. Post Commissioned Controls Sequences and Points Lists.
e. Pre-functional Testing Checklists
f. Functional Testing Procedures and Results
g. Smoke Control Testing Scenarios and Results
h. Appendix of letters, memo and notes occurring during the
commissioning process.

PART 3 - EXECUTION
3.01 GENERAL
A. The Functional Performance Testing portion of the commissioning
process shall begin after the installation of the HVAC equipment and
systems, along with related equipment, systems, structures, and
areas are complete.
3.02 INSTALLATION VERIFICATION TESTING
A. All installation verification and observations tasks shall be performed
as outlined under the contractual consultant design service
agreements.
3.03 PRE-FUNCTIONAL TESTING
A. All component performance test tasks shall be as described in the
specifications under general or specific equipment startup procedures
and requirements, and under the test and balance requirements.
3.04 FUNCTIONAL PERFORMANCE TESTING
A. Mechanical System Tasks: Verify that the total HVAC mechanical
system is performing to provide conditions through all possible modes
of operation as outlined in the Design Intent Document (provided by
the Engineer). The Functional Performance Testing procedures shall
statistically represent all operating characteristics of all mechanical
equipment and systems, including:
1. Air handling and ventilation systems operation including exhaust
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fans, heat pumps, and fancoils.
2. Chilled water system operation including chillers, pumps, and
controls.
3. Condenser water system operation including cooling towers,
pumps, and controls.
4. Heating water or steam system operation including boilers,
pumps, and controls.
5. Ventilation systems operation including air handling systems,
exhaust fans, supply fans, makeup air systems, and controls.
6. Terminal unit operation such as variable air boxes, fancoils, and
heat pumps.
7. Pressurization system operation.
B. Building Automation System Tasks: Verify that the total building
automation system control system is performing to provide conditions
through all possible modes of operation as outlined in the Design
Intent Document (provided by the Engineer). The Functional
Performance Testing procedures shall address all operating
characteristics of a statistical representation of control system
equipment, sequences, and instrumentation calibration including:
1. Chilled water system operation.
a. Test all points and modes.
2. Condenser water system operations.
a. Test all points and modes.
3. Heating water and steam system operation.
a. Test all points and modes.
4. Air handling and ventilation systems operation.
a. Test all modes for 20% of units.
b. Test all systems for specific identified problems uncovered
during the testing (i.e. valve close-off).
5. Terminal unit operation such as variable air boxes, fancoils, and
heat pumps.
a. Test all modes for 10% of units.
b. Test all systems for specific identified problems (i.e. VAV box
close-off).
6. Exhaust fans systems.
a. Test all modes for 20% of systems.



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7. Pressurization Systems.
a. Test all points and modes.
C. Test and Balance (TAB) Tasks: Verify TAB readings for the
approximate quantities of the following:
1. 50% of fan flows.
2. 50% of pump flows.
3. 50% of outside air volumes.
4. 50% of equipment pressure drops.
5. 10% of the supply (maximum and minimum primary air) return
and exhaust diffusers, registers, and grilles.
6. 10% of hydronic flows.
7. 10% of balancing valve/damper settings.
8. 10% of VAV box setups.
9. 10% of coil pressure drops.
10. If more than one-fifth of these readings differ from the
documented TAB readings by more than 15 percent, then the
TAB for the failed system shall be repeated in entirety.
3.05 TRAINING
A. The Commissioning Authority shall conduct a customized three- to
five-day training class for facility engineering personnel in problem-
solving techniques with respect to the commissioned installation. This
Commissioning Authority training does not reduce or exclude the
training specified in other specification sections, although portions of
other specified training may be included as a part of the
Commissioning Authority training. This problem-solving class shall
focus on the following:
B. Present the mechanical system design as a whole integrated unit.
1. Point out the unique qualities of the installed mechanical system.
2. Provide insights into how to solve system-wide, multi-faceted
problems.
3. Identify a variety of resources available to assist with problem
solving.
4. The problem-solving class is not intended teach day-to-day
maintenance of parts and/or systems, establish emergency
procedures, or problem solving approaches.
C. Typical Mechanical Systems Problem-Solving Training Agenda:
1. Opening Remarks and Introductions
2. Description and evolution of the mechanical system design
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concepts specific to the project.
3. Description and overview of airside and waterside HVAC systems
provided in the project.
4. Instruction on the Air Handling Systems.
a. Operation of the systems.
b. Delivery of the conditioned air to the spaces.
c. Referencing associated and available documentation.
d. Problem-solving lab.
5. Instruction on the Mechanical Cooling Systems.
a. Operation of the system.
b. Referencing associated and available documentation.
c. Problem-solving lab.
6. Instruction on the Heating Systems.
a. Operation of the system.
b. Referencing associated and available documentation.
c. Problem-solving lab.
7. Instruction of miscellaneous systems.
a. Operation of the system.
b. Referencing associated and available documentation.
c. Problem-solving lab.
8. Overview of all mechanical subsystems as one large system.
a. Problem-solving lab for all systems.

3.06 SYSTEM ACCEPTANCE
A. Mechanical and electrical systems will be considered acceptable upon
completion of commissioning punch list items.
B. As-Built Documentation: After a successful acceptance demonstration,
the Contractor shall submit as-built drawings of the completed project
for final approval. After receiving final approval, supply six (6) complete
as-built drawing sets, together with AutoCAD diskettes to the Owner.
C. Operation and Maintenance Manuals: Submit three (3) copies of
operation and maintenance manuals. Include the following in each
manual:
1. Manufacturer's catalog data and specifications on all sensors,
transmitters, controllers, control valves, damper actuators, gauges,
indicators, terminals, and any miscellaneous components used in
the system.
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2. An Operator's Manual, which will include detailed instructions for
all operations of the system.
3. An Operator's Reference Table listing the addresses of all connected
input points and output points. Settings shall be shown where
applicable.
4. A Programmer's Manual, which will include all information
necessary to perform programming functions.
5. A language manual which will include a detailed description of the
language used and all routines used by the system.
6. Flow charts of the control software programs utilized in the
Temperature Control System.
7. Flow charts of the custom software programs utilized in the
Temperature Control System.
8. Complete program listing file and parameter listing file for all
programs.
9. Field as-built wiring diagram.
10. A copy of the warranty.
11. Operating and maintenance cautions and instructions.
12. Recommended spare parts list.
3.07 TRAINING
A. BAS manufacturer shall provide to the Engineer a training class outline
prior to any scheduled training.
B. Training sessions shall be provided for the Owner's personnel by
factory-trained control engineers and technicians.
C. The BAS Contractor shall conduct two (2) eight-hour training courses
for the designated Owner's personnel in the maintenance and operation
of the control system. One class shall be given upon system acceptance
and the other approximately six months after the warranty commences.
The courses shall include instruction on specific systems and
instructions for operating the installed system to include as a
minimum:
1. HVAC system overview.
2. Operation of Control System.
3. Function of each Component.
4. System Operating Procedures.
5. Programming Procedures.
6. Maintenance Procedures.
D. In addition to the training required above, the BAS manufacturer shall
make all factory training courses routinely available (including those
conducted for the manufacturer's own engineers, technicians and
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representatives) to the Owner's personnel. Evidence of the routine
availability of such courses shall be presented with the submittals.
3.08 WARRANTY
A. Warranty: The entire control system shall be warranted to be free from
defects in both materials and workmanship for a period of one (1) year
of normal use and service. Control valves shall have a two (2) year
warranty. Warranties shall become effective with Beneficial Use or on
the date the Owner accepts the system, whichever is sooner.
B. An emergency service number shall be provided to the owner.
Response shall be within four (4) hrs. to the phone call.

PART 4 OPERATIONS
4.01 GENERAL
A. All HVAC Systems shall be controlled with Direct Digital Control (DDC)
(according to the point list, sequences of operation, and control diagrams
shown on the drawings) and shall be stand-alone. Additional points or
software programming not listed or shown, but which are required to
meet the sequences of operation, shall be provided.
B. All controllers, relays, transducers, etc., required for stand-alone control
shall be housed in NEMA and UL listed enclosures with a lockable door.
The type of NEMA enclosure shall be based upon environmental
requirements outlined in the specifications or on the drawings for this
project.

END OF SECTION


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