College Men's Gender Identity Development
Practical Applications
Keith E. Edwards, PhD
Macalester College




Enrollment (42%)
Persistence
Graduation

African American
Latino
Native American
and
low income
men


Miss Class
Come Unprepared
Not Turn In
Homework
or Turn It In Late

Student Org
Involvement
Volunteer
College Women
Help Out
With Family
Study

Watch TV
Play Video Games
College Men
Partying
Workout or Play Sports

Leadership Programs
Study Away
Service
Pre-College Programs
Career Services
Voting

Men’s Well-Being and Violence
3x victim
of violence
other SA
Greater depression
& less to seek help
4-6x more likely to
commit suicide
Men in General

Men’s Well-Being and Violence
More likely to
perpetrate violence,
Higher suicide
sexual assault, &
rate
sexual harassment
Consume more alcohol
More likely to be
in more dangerous
involved on campus
ways
conduct
College Men

…understand how patriarchy
is learned, internalized,
perpetuated, and perhaps
transcended.

Name
Race-
Sexual
SES
Age
Disability
Religion
College
Ethnicity
Orientation
Experience
Kumar
Asian Indian
Heterosexual
Upper-Middle
20 None
Agnostic
Pre-Med, Service
Noah
White
Heterosexual
Upper-Middle
21 None
Roman Catholic
Football
Frank
White
Heterosexual
Upper-Middle
21 None
Non-Denominational “Frat Guy”
Christian
Jason
African
Heterosexual
Upper-Middle
18 None
Christian
Getting Involved
American
Nicholas
Latino
Heterosexual
Working
21 None
None
Latino Leadership
Chet
White
Heterosexual
Middle
21 None
Methodist
Fraternity President
Daniel
White
Gay
Middle
21 None
Non-Denominational RA
Christian
Robert
White
Gay (Trans)
Middle
21 None
None
GLBT Leadership
Sean
White
Heterosexual
Middle
23 None
Christian
Sexual Assault Prevention
Chauncey
African
Heterosexual
Lower-Middle
22 None
None
Black Leadership
American

Tra Ex
diti te
onarln
Ha
e lg
Man Ex
in
em p
on e
ic c
ta
De ti
a Box
fin o
itin
o s
n of
homophobi
misogyny
ele
ju
hi m
n e
gh n
life ta
ior h
sc
college r
ig
hoy
h
ol
a
authority responsibl breadwinne
gay
drinking to
strong
e
girl
swearing play
co
r mpetitiv
fag
not
sp
excesor
s ts
prepari
e
ng for
bitch
rationalunemotionatough fightin
pussy
queer
get
l PARTY
academics
INGd g
isruptiv
in controlnot
girls
aggressiv
wuss
fairy
e
vul
successful nerab
drug le d eon’t cry
vagina
sissy
not
drinking
s
not
gay
competitive feminine
hetero
sex breakin
breaki g the
ng t
sex
he
ru
rulles
esracism

classism
ableis
other
anti-
m
oppressio
Semitism
n

Traditional Hegemonic Definition of
positions men above women,
some men above other men, and


Insecurity



P
drinking to
excess
A
R
drugs
competitive
T
hetero sex
Y
breaking the
I
rules
N
not preparing
G
for academics

Falling In


Four Years of Freedom

Consequences

Consequences for Women

Consequences for Relationships with Other Men

Consequences for Friendships with Other Men

Consequences for Self
loss of
loss of humanity

Loss of Humanity

Loss of Authenticity


Academic Course

Emasculating Trauma

Critical Decision

Interview as Transformative

5 YEARS LATER

Still Falling In
Profound Impact
Others Putting the Mask on Me
Four Years of Freedom
Ridiculous Caricature


Strategies &

Permission to Be Themselves
Critical Self-Reflection
Develop Cultural Competence
for Faculty and Staff

Give men permission to
stop being the men
they feel they have to
be and be the men they
aspire to be.


Communicate disappointment with the
performance, while affirming who they
really are.

Critical
Self-Reflection

Campus engagement focused on
men and masculinities – retreats,
camping trips, service, living-
learning communities, student
organizations, alternative spring
break trips

Critical Courses – inter-group
dialogue, women’s studies , African
American history, etc.

Role modeling by staff and faculty
- coaches, faculty, work-study
supervisors, counselors, upper-class
student leaders, Deans, etc.

Cultivate student role models -
awards, recognition, student
organizations focused on men and
masculinities

?

What kind of man
do you want to be?

What are some of the
things you believe you
have to do to be seen
as a man by others?

What are the
consequences of
performing masculinity
for you and the
important people in
your life?

Develop Cultural Competence
for Faculty and Staff

Professional development on
gender-related issues and
challenges that are prevalent among
college men.

Develop a committee of experts.

Engage parents as partners.

“Putting My Man Face On”
College Men’s
Gender Identity
Development
Keith E. Edwards, PhD
Macalester College