Readings not included in the required text for the course are either in a notebook on reserve in the library or in books on reserve in the library. The location of the readings is indicated in the list below.

Adams, R. E. W., 1991
"Nucleation of Population and Water Storage among the Ancient Maya," Science 251(4994):632. [848] notebook

Adams, Richard E. W., W. E. Jr Brown, and T. Patrick Culbert, 1981
"Radar Mapping, Archaeology and Ancient Maya Land Use," Science 213(4515):1457-1463. [252] notebook

Blanton, Richard E., Stephen A. Kowalewski, Gary Feinman, and Laura M. Finsten, 1993
Ancient Mesoamerica: A Comparison of Change in Three Regions, (2nd Edition) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. [644] reserve

First edition ('81) reviewed by J. R. Parsons: AA 48(3):261-263.

Clark, John E., 1986
"From Mountains to Molehills: a Critical Review of Teotihuacán's Obsidian Industry," in Economic Aspects of Prehispanic Highland Mexico, edited by Barry L. Isaac, Research in economic anthropology, vol. supplement 2, pp. 23-74, JAI Press, Greenwich, CN. [437] notebook

Critical review of literature about obsidian mining, prismatic blade manufacture and related trade in Teotihuacán. Strongly suggests that the magnitude and economic importance of this activity has been exaggerated beyond what existing data will support. Good discussion of the technology of prismatic blade manufacture and how the remains of various stages of this process can be identified archaeologically.

Cobean, Robert H., Michael D. Coe, Edward A. Jr Perry, Karl K. Turckian, and Dinkar P. Kharkar, 1971
"Obsidian Trade at San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán, Mexico," Science 174:666-671. [381] notebook

Coe, Michael D., 1964
"The Chinampas of Mexico," Scientific American 211:90-98. [261] notebook

Coe, Michael D., 1981
"San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan," in Archaeology, edited by Jeremy A. Sabloff and with the assistance of Patricia A. Andrews, Supplement to the handbook of Middle American Indians, vol. 1, pp. 117-146, University of Texas Press, Austin, TX. [1402]

Drennan, Robert D., 1976
"Religion and Social Evolution in Formative Mesoamerica," in The Early Mesoamerican Village, edited by Kent V. Flannery, Studies in Archaeology, pp. 345-368, Academic Press, New York, NY. [1002] notebook

Flannery, Kent V., 1972
"The Cultural Evolution of Civilizations," Annual Review of Ecology and Semantics 3:399-426. [445] notebook

Discusses stages of social development -- bands, tribes, chiefdoms, states --with graphic display of characteristics and examples. Examines alternative accounts of "prime movers" for social development -- irrigation, warfare, population growth and social circumscription, trade and symbiosis, and others. Concludes that a multivariate model is better. Sketches model using environmental mechanisms, pathologies and socio-environmental conditions listing ways these interact.

Flannery, Kent V., 1983
"Precolumbian Farming in the Valleys of Oaxaca, Nochitlan and Cuicatlan: A Comparative Study," in The Cloud People: Divergent Evolution of the Zapotec and Mixtec Civilizations, edited by Kent V. Flannery and Joyce Marcus, A School of American Research Book, pp. 323-338, Academic Press, New York, NY. [1006]

Grove, David C., Kenneth G. Hirth, David E. Bug‚, and Ann M. Cyphers, 1976
"Settlement and Cultural Development at Chalcatzingo," Science 192(4245):1203-1210. [657] notebook

Hanson, Richard D., 1991
"The Maya Rediscovered: The Road to Nakbe," Natural History :8-14. [1406] notebook

Popular discussion of UCLA excavationa at Nakbe treating the evidence provided for formative social complexity (2300-1700 BP). A bit "gee whiz" but useful introduction.

Harris, Marvin, 1983
"Kinship, Locality and Descent," in Cultural Anthropology, pp. 103-119, Harper & Row, New York, NY. [1586] reserve

Hassig, Ross, 1985
"Introduction (pp. 2-8); Transport (pp. 28-40, 56-66); Summary of Pre-Columbian System (pp. 145-150)," in Trade, Tribute and Transportation: The sixteenth-Century Political Economy of the Valley of Mexico, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK. [1282]

Hassig, Ross, 1988
"Introduction (pp. 3-13); Arms, Armor and Combat (pp. 75-109)," in Aztec Warfare: Imperial Expansion and Political Control, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK. [1304]

Heizer, Robert F., 1960
"Agriculture and the Theocratic State in Lowland Southeastern Mexico," American Antiquity 23(2):215-222. [428] notebook

Discusses the productivity of milpa agriculture in general and in the La Venta area. Argues that the population supported by this agricultural technology would have been sufficient to build and rebuild the structures at La Venta. Contains detailed calculations of labor required and labor available. Does not mention earlier calculations of the same kind for later sites (Cook, 1947). Clearly written, good background material provided.

Hosler, Dorothy and Guy Stresser-Pean, 1992
"The Huastec Region: A Second Locus for the Production of Bronze Alloys in Ancient Mesoamerica," Science 257(5074):1215-1220. [1269] notebook

Contains good review of metallurgy literature.

Kolb, Charles L., 1986
"Commercial Aspects of Classic Period Teotihuacán Period "Thin Orange" Wares," in Economic Aspects of Prehispanic Highland Mexico, edited by Barry L. Isaac, Research in Economic Anthropology, vol. supplement 2, pp. 155-206, JAI Press, Greenwich, CN. [116] notebook

MacNeish, Richard S., 1964
"Ancient Mesoamerican Civilization," Science 143(3606):531-537. [447] notebook

Marcus, Joyce, 1980
"Zapotec Writing," Scientific American 242:46-60. [318] notebook

Good, somewhat popular, discussion of interpretation of Zapotec texts. Lots of photographs and diagrams.

Morell, Virginia, 1991
"New Light on Writing in the Americas," Science 251:268- 270. [850] notebook

Pasztory, Esther, 1984
"The Function of Art in Mesoamerica," Archaeology 37(1):21-35. [320] notebook

Pendergast, David M., 1962
"Metal Artifacts in Prehispanic Mesoamerica," American Antiquity 27(4):520-545. [43]

Provides a functional typology of all Precolumbian Mesoamerican metal objects of known provenience, pictures of representative types, maps showing the source of metal objects in general and various types. Offers hypotheses about origin and spread of various types among different regions. Clear, thorough.

Pendergast, David M., 1990
"Engineering Problems in Ancient Maya Architecture: Past, Present and Future," Environmental Geology and Water Sciences 16(1):67-73. [847] notebook

The ancient Maya faced a number of architectural engineering problems that they were unable to solve, except in the short term. Modern expectations for and use of Maya sites pose additional problems, and neither these nor the ancient ones have yet been fully resolved.

Pollock, Harry H. D., 1965
"Architecture of the Maya Lowlands," in Archeology of Southern Mesoamerica, Part one, edited by Gordon R. Willey, Handbook of Middle American Indians, vol. Vol. 2, pp. 378-440, University of Texas Press, Austin, TX. [1381]

Rice, Prudence M., 1987
"Pottery and its History," in Pottery Analysis: a Sourcebook, edited by Prudence M. Rice, pp. 3-27, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL. [1014] notebook

Scarborough, V. L. and Gary G. Gallopin, 1991
"A Water Storage Adaptation in the Maya Lowlands," Science 251(4994):658-662. [849] notebook

Prehispanic water management in the Maya Lowlands emphasized collection and storage rather than canalization and diversion accentuated in highland Mexico. Reexamination of site maps of the ancient Maya city of Tilal, Guatemala, has revealed an important, overlooked factor in Maya centralization and urban settlement organization. In a geographical zone affected by an extended dry season and far away from permanent water sources, large, well-planned reservoirs provided resource control as well as political leverage.

Stark, Barbara L., 1981
"The Rise of Sedentary life," in Archaeology, edited by Jeremy A. Sabloff and Patricia A. Andrews, Supplement to the Handbook of Middle American Indians, vol. Vol. 1, pp. 345-372, University of Texas Press, Austin, TX. [865] reserve

Weaver, Muriel Porter, 1993e
Chapter 5: Códices, Calendrics, and Maya Writing in The Aztecs, Maya and their Predecessors: Archaeology of Mesoamerica. (3rd Edition) Studies in Archaeology, Academic Press, New York, NY. [1017]

This is pershaps the standard testbook on Mesoameriacn archaeology. It is detailed and up-to-date. The bibliography is excellent.

Weaver, Muriel Porter, 1993g
Chapter 7, pp. 413-420: The Postclassic in Oaxaca in The Aztecs, Maya and their Predecessors: Archaeology of Mesoamerica. (3rd Edition) Studies in Archaeology, Academic Press, New York, NY. [1017]

Zeitlin, Robert N., 1985
"Review of Mining and Mining Techniques in Ancient Mesoamerica (Eds.) P. C. Weigand & G. Gwynne. Anthropology. 6(1 & 2)," American Antiquity 50(4):929- 930. [1021] notebook

Colorado School of Mines
Division of Liberal Arts and International Studies
Dr. Joseph D. Sneed