LISS.398A TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT and HUMAN ADAPTATION:
PART II PRE-EUROPEAN MESOAMERICA



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MONTE ALBAN II (200 B.C.-300 A.D.)

During this phase, the population at Monte Albán declines somewhat to from its Monte Albán Late I level to about 14,500. But the elaboration of the Main Plaza area continues. The leveling of the area is begun, an undertaking involving removal of substantial quantities of limestone caprock and using it to fill natural depressions -- a substantial engineering feat (But, remember, they had 500 years to complete it.).

By the end of this phase the basic outlines of the Plaza probably looked rather like the do now.

RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE

Both open and semi-closed household units are observed with considerable variation in the form of the latter. Little variation among households in burials or artifacts.

PUBLIC ARCHITECTURE

Public construction during Monte Albán II includes the leveling of the Main Plaza, Mound J, the early stages of the central structures (Buildings G, H and I), the ballcourt and other buildings (P, S, Q) on the east side of the Main Plaza and the adoratorio between buildings H and P. To the north, Mound G in the North Platform as well as parts of Mound X to the northeast of the North Platform also dat to this period.

Material specific to this period is drawn from: Flannery '83, Marcus '83b, Robertson '83.


Colorado School of Mines
Division of Liberal Arts and International Studies
Dr. Joseph D. Sneed
jsneed@mines.edu
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