LISS.398A TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT and HUMAN ADAPTATION:
PART II PRE-EUROPEAN MESOAMERICA



|TEXT SEARCH |HELP |HELP

VALLEY OF OAXACA: MONTE ALBAN III (300 - 750 A.D.)

Beginning about 300 A.D. Valley of Oaxaca apparently falls within the “sphere of influence” of Teotihuacán. in the Valley of Mexico. Still dominated by Monte Albán, with it’s influence outside the Valley somewhat curtailed, it apparently undergoes another cycle of “boom and bust” over the next 450 years.

This period (300 - 750 A.D.) falls mostly within the Classic Period. In the overall Mesoamerican developmental chronology. This is sometimes called the late urban period. In the Valley of Oaxaca regional chronology this corresponds to the Monte Albán III phase.

The Monte Albán III phase is usually divided into two sub-phases:

Monte Albán IIIA (300 - 500 A.D.)
Monte Albán IIIB (500 - 750 A. D.).

The Monte Albán IIIA phase is marked by by renewed growth and decentralization in the distribution of population, significant readjustments vertical social complexity and increased social integration.

The urban center at Monte Albán continued to serve as the capital of a state integrating the entire Valley of Oaxaca . However, it’s influence outside the Valley, with the exception of the Ejutla Valley to the south, appears to have declined, replaced in some locations by the influence of Teotihuacán in the Valley of Mexico.

There is also evidence of direct interaction between Teotihuacán. and Monte Albán during IIIA. Though it does not appear to have been “conquered” , the Valley of Oaxaca participates in some way in pan- Mesoamerican integration centered at Teotihuacán.

The Monte Alba´n IIIB phase is characterized by a sharp decline and recentralization in population at Monte Albán.

QUESTIONS

As you look at the material for this session, keep these questions in mind:

Unless otherwise indicated, this discussion is based on material drawn from: Blanton et. al ‘82 , Kowalewski, et. al. ‘89, Blanton, et. al. ‘93.


Colorado School of Mines
Division of Liberal Arts and International Studies
Dr. Joseph D. Sneed
jsneed@mines.edu
|CSMHOME |LAISHOME |CRSHOME |BACK