David G. Beausang, CSM Home Page

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Contact Information

David G. Beausang
Campus Computing, Communications, and Information Technologies
Colorado School of Mines
Golden, CO 80401-1887 USA

Office Phone: (303) 273-3988, Fax: (303) 273-3475
Office: CTLM (CT) 251
Email: dgb@mines.edu
This Home Page: http://inside.mines.edu/~dbeausan/
Personal Email: dgb@pobox.com
DSS/Diffie-Hellman and RSA Public Keys for secure communication: GnuPG Public Keys

Personal Links

Computer/Computing Related

ACM Classic: Reflections on Trusting Trust - http://www.acm.org/classics/sep95/
The Atanasoff Berry Computer - http://www.cs.iastate.edu/jva/jva-archive.shtml
John V. Atanasoff: Obituary (June 1995) - http://archive.comlab.ox.ac.uk/museums/computing/atanasoff.html
The Cathedral and the Bazaar - http://www.catb.org/~esr/writings/cathedral-bazaar/
The Colossal Cave Adventure page - http://www.rickadams.org/adventure/
The Computer Eyestrain Journal - http://www.eye2eye.com/
Tom Duff on Duff's Device - http://www.lysator.liu.se/c/duffs-device.html
Tom Dunigan's Security page - http://www.epm.ornl.gov/~dunigan/security.html
[fmII] - welcome to freshmeat.net - http://freshmeat.net/
The FreeBSD Project - http://www.freebsd.org/
GCC Home Page - http://gcc.gnu.org/
GNUstep Homepage - http://www.gnustep.org/
GNU's Not Unix! - the GNU Project of the Free Software Foundation (FSF) - http://www.gnu.org/
The Halloween Documents - http://www.opensource.org/halloween/
Jargon File Resources - http://catb.org/~esr/jargon/
The Last Bug - http://www.gnu.org/fun/jokes/last.bug.html
Linux Today - Linux News On Internet Time - http://linuxtoday.com/
More Than a Gigabuck: Estimating GNU/Linux's Size - http://www.dwheeler.com/sloc/
The Retrocomputing Museum - http://www.catb.org/~esr/retro/
The Silicon Valley Tarot - http://www.svtarot.com/
10 Big Myths about copyright explained - http://www.templetons.com/brad/copymyths.html
The Virtual Museum of Computing - http://www.comlab.ox.ac.uk/archive/other/museums/computing.html

Toward Critical Thinking

AAAS Dialog on Science, Ethics, and Religion (DoSER) - http://www.aaas.org/spp/dser/
What Is A Freethinker? - http://www.ffrf.org/nontracts/freethinker.php
The Skeptic's Dictionary - A Guide for the New Millennium - http://www.skepdic.com/


The American Association for the Advancement of Science - http://www.aaas.org/
ACLU: American Civil Liberties Union - http://aclu.org/
American Friends Service Committee - http://www.afsc.org/
ARRL - The American Radio Relay League - http://www.arrl.org/
Amnesty International - http://www.amnesty.org/
Astronomy Picture of the Day Archive - http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/archivepix.html
Bill of Rights Defense Committee - http://www.bordc.org/
Norman Borlaug - Nobel Acceptance Speech - http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1970/borlaug-acceptance.html
Creative Commons - http://creativecommons.org/
Canadian Space Agency - Agence spatiale canadienne - http://www.space.gc.ca/asc/index.html
Jimmy Carter - Nobel Lecture - http://www.nobel.se/peace/laureates/2002/carter-lecture.html
The Center for Democracy and Technology - http://www.cdt.org/
The Central Council of Church Bell Ringers - http://www.cccbr.org.uk/
China National Space Administration - http://www.cnsa.gov.cn/n615709/cindex.html
The Electronic Frontier Foundation - http://www.eff.org/
ESA - The European Space Agency - http://www.esa.int
Federation of American Scientists - http://www.fas.org/
Freedom From Religion Foundation, Inc. - http://www.ffrf.org/
ibiblio.org - the Public's Library - http://ibiblio.org/
Institute of Equity, Ecology, Humor and Art -- Stickers - http://www.ieeha.org/stickers/
NASA - The National Aeronautics and Space Administration - http://www.nasa.gov/
The Nature Conservancy - http://www.tnc.org/
Netaid.org - http://www.netaid.org/
NPR Online - http://www.npr.org/
Operation Respect: Don't Laugh at Me - http://www.dontlaugh.org/
Oxford University Society of Change Ringers - http://users.ox.ac.uk/~ouscr/
PHD Comics - http://www.phdcomics.com/comics.php
The Ringing World Online - http://www.ringingworld.co.uk/
Slashdot: News for nerds, stuff that matters - http://www.slashdot.com/
The Southern Poverty Law Center - http://www.splcenter.org/
Teaching Tolerance - http://www.splcenter.org/center/tt/teach.jsp
Tolerance - http://www.tolerance.org/
User Friendly Comic Strip - The Daily Static - http://userfriendly.org/static/
Virtual Library museums pages - http://icom.museum/vlmp/
Wired Magazine - http://www.wired.com/
xkdc - A webcomic of romance, sarcasm, math, and language - http://xkcd.com/

Where one can click to donate without spending a dime ...
These come and go, unfortunately.

The Hunger Site - http://www.thehungersite.com/
The Rainforest Site - http://www.therainforestsite.com/
The Breast Cancer Site - http://www.thebreastcancersite.com/
The Animal Rescue Site - http://www.theanimalrescuesite.com/
The Child Health Site - http://www.thechildhealthsite.com/
Care2's Race For The Rainforest! - http://rainforest.care2.com/


"Computer science is not about computers any more than astronomy is about telescopes." -- E.W. Dijkstra (1930-2002)

"Not dead, in jail, or a slave? Thank a liberal." -- bumper sticker

"The test of a first-rate intelligence is the ability to hold two opposed ideas in mind at the same time and still retain the ability to function." -- F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940)

"I have one share in corporate Earth, and I am nervous about the management." -- E.B. White (1899-1985)

"Life does not consist mainly -- or even largely of facts and happenings. It consists mainly of the storm of thoughts that is forever blowing through one's head." -- Mark Twain, a pseudonym of Samuel Clemens (1835-1910)

"Those who will not reason, are bigots, those who cannot, are fools, and those who dare not, are slaves." -- George Gordon Noel Byron (Lord Byron) (1788-1824)

"When you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in numbers, you know something about it. But when you cannot measure it, when you cannot express it in numbers, your knowledge is of a meagre and unsatisfactory kind. It may be the beginning of knowledge but you have scarcely in your thoughts advanced to the state of science." -- William Thomson, Lord Kelvin, (1824-1907)

"A one sentence definition of mythology? Mythology is what we call someone else's religion." -- Joseph Campbell (1904-1987)

"The great problem with religion -- any religion -- is that a religionist, having accepted certain propositions by faith, cannot thereafter judge those propositions by evidence." -- Hartley M. Baldwin, in the novel Friday by Robert A. Heinlein (1907-1988)

"No one expects the Spanish Inquisition!" -- Monty Python's Flying Circus (a comedy programme on BBC from 5 Oct 1969 to 5 Dec 1974; actors and writers Graham Chapman (1941-1989), John Cleese (1939-), Terry Gilliam (1940-), Eric Idle (1943-), Terry Jones (1942-), and Michael Palin (1943-))

"Am I not destroying my enemies when I make friends of them?" -- Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865)

"I believe he hired her to convince himself that he doesn't have a problem with women." -- An observation by a man who prefers to remain anonymous, at least for the time being ...

"Never miss a good chance to shut up." -- from Don't Squat With Yer Spurs On! A Cowboy's Guide to Life by Texas Bix Bender (1949-)

"Never apply a Star Trek solution to a Babylon 5 problem." -- seen on a Fermi Labs bulletin board

"Support the people not the technology." -- Derek Wilson (1954-)

"Quis custodiet ipsos custodes?" "Who watches the watchmen?" -- Juvenal (Born 1st century, Died 2nd century), Satires, VI, 347

"A person who is nice to you, but rude to the waiter, is not a nice person." -- from 19 Things That It Took Me 50 Years To Learn by Dave Barry (1947-)

"A millihelen is defined as precisely that amount of beauty required to launch exactly one ship." -- unknown

"The rich get richer and the poor get . . . children." -- 1921 foxtrot Ain't We Got Fun, music by Richard A. Whiting (1891-1938), lyrics by Raymond B. Egani (1890-1952) and Gus Kahn (1886-1941)

"It takes a brave man not to be a hero in the Red Army." -- Joseph Stalin (1878-1953)

"What I find is different from what is mine." -- unknown

"Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed." -- Dwight David Eisenhower (1890-1969)

"Leave the matter of religion to the family altar, the church, and the private schools, supported entirely by private contributions. Keep the state and church forever separated." -- Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885)

"It does me no injury for my neighbor to say there are twenty gods, or no God. It neither picks my pocket nor breaks my leg." -- Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)

"Clarke's Third Law: Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic." -- Arthur C. Clarke (1917-2008), Profiles of the Future: An Inquiry into the Limits of the Possible

"How can you buy or sell the earth?" -- Ted Perry, screenwriter, 1971, unwittingly attributed to Chief Seattle, a Suquamish Indian [the quote is based on a speach reproduced by Dr. Henry Smith, who claimed to witness the speach by Chief Seattle, published in 1887, "translated" into more modern English in 1969 by William Arrowsmith and used as a basis for a filmscript by Ted Perry in 1971; source: http://www.pantheist.net/society/truth_of_chief_seattle.html]

"Man has lost the capacity to foresee and to forestall. He will end by destroying the earth." -- Dr. Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965)

"If God did not want them shorn He would not have made them sheep." -- Calvera, 1960 movie The Magnificent Seven, screenplay by William Roberts (1913-1997)

"Don't tie your shoes in a watermelon patch." -- Chinese Proverb

"Tree Hugger Dirt Worshiper" -- bumper sticker

"Although it does not mindfully keep guard, in the small mountain fields, the scarecrow does not stand in vain." -- Bukkoku Kokushi (1256-1316)

"When a man's best friend is a dog, that dog has a problem." -- Edward Abbey (1927-1989)

"Secrecy and a free, democratic government don't mix." -- Harry S. Truman (1884-1972)

"The oxen are slow but the earth is patient." -- 1983 movie High Road to China, screenplay by S. Lee Pogostin (1926-) and Sandra Weintraub Roland, based on a novel by Jon Cleary (1917-2010)

"There is no mistake so great as that of being always right." -- fortune cookie

"The end is in the beginning and yet you go on." -- Samuel Beckett (1906-1989), Endgame

"I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use." -- Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)

"The gods have their own rules." -- Ovid [born Publius Ovidius Naso] (43 BC-17 AD), Roman poet, Metamorphoses

"There is more to life than increasing its speed." -- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948)

"Generations to come, it may be, will scarce believe that such a one as this ever in flesh and blood walked upon this earth." -- Albert Einstein (1879-1955) reflecting on the death of Mohandas Gandhi

"Men sat there, gaping, gasping
at his strange unearthly sheen,
as if a ghost were passing,
for every inch was green."
-- From Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, translation by Paul Dean

"Nature is not governed except by obeying her." -- Francis Bacon (1561-1626), 1620, Novum Organum

"We have not inherited the world from our forefathers, we have borrowed it from our children." -- Kashmiri proverb

"Don't believe your own hype." -- Mary E. V. McClanahan

"No rest for the wicked and the good don't need any." -- unknown

"Don't judge each day by the harvest you reap but by the seeds that you plant." -- Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894)

"As we enjoy great advantages from inventions of others, we should be glad of an opportunity to serve others by any invention of ours; and this we should do freely and generously." -- Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)

"Unfortunately, lawmakers don't believe in the laws of physics or mathematics, only their own laws. When will the emperor discover that he has no clothes?" -- unknown

"To see a world in a grain of sand and a heaven in a wild flower, hold infinity in the palm of your hand and eternity in an hour." -- William Blake (1757-1827), Auguries of Innocence

"Not in my name." -- anti-war protest sign (re: US/Iraq) held by a US citizen in Italy, 2002

"Yesterday upon the stair
I met a man who wasn't there.
He wasn't there again today
Oh how I wish he'd go away."
-- Hughes Mearns (1875-1965), "Antigonish" is an 1899 poem

Losing Face
"The noble art of Losing Face
may one day save the Human Race
and turn into eternal merit
what weaker minds would call disgrace."
-- Piet Hein (1905-1996), Danish mathematician, scientist, inventor, and poet

"One lesson I have learned over the years: You cannot solve every problem -- particularly if the problem isn't yours to begin with." -- Jeanne Phillips (1942-), Dear Abby, Saturday, February 8, 2003

"University degrees are a bit like adultery: you may not want to get involved with that sort of thing, but you don't want to be thought incapable." -- Sir Peter Imbert (1933-), British police commissioner. Times (London, Oct. 11, 1992)

"War may sometimes be a necessary evil. But no matter how necessary, it is always an evil, never a good. We will not learn how to live together in peace by killing each other's children." -- Jimmy Carter (1924-), thirty-ninth President of the United States, awarded the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize, extract from his Nobel Lecture, Oslo, December 10, 2002, Copyright The Nobel Foundation 2002

"War is sweet to those who have never tasted it." -- Erasmus of Rotterdam (1466-1536)

"War begins with 'Dubya'." -- sign seen in Washington, D.C., during the peace march on January 18, 2003

"Don't waive your rights while waving your flag." -- sign seen in Washington, D.C., during the peace march on January 18, 2003

"Play is often talked about as if it were a relief from serious learning. But for children play is serious learning. Play is really the work of childhood." -- Fred Rogers (1928-2003)

"You need only reflect that one of the best ways to get yourself a reputation as a dangerous citizen these days is to go about repeating the very phrases which our founding fathers used in the struggle for independence." -- Charles Austin Beard (1874-1948)

"You think that good is hating what is bad. What is bad is the hating mind itself." -- Bon Kai, Buddhist monk

"Anger is only one letter short of danger." -- Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962)

"In Germany they came first for the Communist, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. They came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics, and I didn't speak up because I was a Protestant. Then they came for me, and by that time no one was left to speak up." -- Martin Niemoeller (1892-1984), a German Lutheran pastor who was arrested by the Gestapo and sent to a concentration camp in Dachau in 1938. He was freed by the Allied Forces in 1945.

"Putting a flag on your SUV is not a sacrifice. It's patriotism lite." -- Charles Moskos (1934-2008), Military Sociologist at Northwestern University

"Almost anything you do seems insignificant. It is very important that you do it. You must be the change you wish to see in the world." -- Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948)

"Fortune does not change men, it unmasks them." -- Suzanne Necker (1739-1794)

"It is of interest to note that while some dolphins are reported to have learned English -- up to fifty words used in correct context -- no human being has been reported to have learned dolphinese." -- Carl Sagan (1934-1996)

"A terribly difficult lesson to learn is that some questions don't have answers." -- Katherine Graham (1917-2001)

"If you think you're too small to be effective, you've never been in bed with a mosquito." -- Betty Reese ( - ), American officer and pilot

"Women constitute half the world's population, perform nearly two-thirds of its work hours, receive one-tenth of the world's income and own less than one-hundredth of the world's property." -- United Nations report, 1980

"Intolerance betrays want of faith in one's cause." -- Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948)

"It is dangerous to be right in matters on which the established authorities are wrong." -- Voltaire, a pseudonyum of Francois Marie Arouet (1694-1778)

"Forced worship stinks in God's nostrils." -- Roger Williams (1603-1683)

"I have always found that plans are useless, but planning is indispensable." -- Dwight David Eisenhower (1890-1969)

"In the end, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends." -- Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968)

"When one door closes another door opens; but we so often look so long and so regretfully upon the closed door, that we do not see the ones which open for us." -- Alexander Graham Bell (1847-1922)

"The surest way to corrupt a young man is to teach him to esteem more highly those who think alike than those who think differently." -- Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)

"Time is the school in which we learn, Time is the fire in which we burn." -- from the poem Calmly We Walk Through This April's Day by Delmore Schwartz (1913-1966)

"Our life is spent trying to find something to do with the time we have rushed through life trying to save." -- Will Rogers (1879-1935)

"Our country! In her intercourse with foreign nations, may she always be in the right; but our country, right or wrong." -- Commodore Stephen Decatur, USN, (1779-1820), April 1816, Norfolk, Virginia

"Our country right or wrong. When right, to be kept right; when wrong, to be put right." -- Carl Schurz (1928-1906), German-born U.S. General and U.S. Senator, 1871

"'My country, right or wrong' is a thing that no patriot would think of saying except in a desperate case. It is like saying 'My mother, drunk or sober.'" -- G. K. Chesterton (1874-1936), British author, 1901

"The test of courage comes when we are in the minority; the test of tolerance comes when we are in the majority." -- Ralph W. Sockman, 17th century theologian

"The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong." -- Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948)

"It is better to risk saving a guilty person than to condemn an innocent one." -- Voltaire, a pseudonyum of Francois Marie Arouet (1694-1778), Zadig

"The law, in its majestic equality, forbids the rich as well as the poor to sleep under bridges, to beg in the streets, and to steal bread." -- Anatole France (1844-1924), French author, The Red Lily, ch. 7 (1894)

"One for the rock, one for the crow, One to die, and one to grow." -- English saying re planting seeds

"[T]he true natural sciences lock together in theory and evidence to form the ineradicable technical base of modern civilization. The pseudosciences satisfy personal psychological needs... but lack the ideas or the means to contribute to the technical base." -- Edward O. Wilson, Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge, (First edition, New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998), p. 54.

"We are not afraid to entrust the American people with unpleasant facts, foreign ideas, alien philosophies, and competitive values. For a nation that is afraid to let its people judge the truth and falsehood in an open market is a nation that is afraid of its people." -- John F. Kennedy (1917-1963)

"Men never do evil so completely and cheerfully as when they do it from religious conviction." -- Blaise Pascal (1623 - 1662)

"First things first, but not necessarily in that order." -- Doctor Who, BBC programme running from 1963 to 1996

"My little old dog:
A heart-beat
At my feet."
-- Edith Wharton (1862-1937), In Provence and Lyrical Epigrams, _Yale Review_ vol. 9 (January, 1920), 346-348.

"Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it." -- George Santayana (1863-1952), U.S. philosopher, poet, Life of Reason, Reason in Common Sense, ch. 12, (1905-6).

"If they give you ruled paper, write the other way." -- Juan Ramon Jimenez (1881-1958), Spanish writer, awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize for Literature

Stapp's Ironical Paradox, AKA Stapp's Law: "The universal aptitude for ineptitude makes any human accomplishment an incredible miracle." -- Colonel John Paul Stapp, M.D. (1910?-1999)

"If it can happen, it will happen." -- Murphy's Law, the original, as related by George Nichols

"You are the star for which all evenings wait." -- Dove Dark Promises wrapper, copyright Mars, Inc

"Badges? We ain't got no badges. We don't need no badges. I don't have to show you any stinking badges!" -- Gold Hat, as played by Alfonso Bedoya, 1948 film The Treasure of the Sierra Madre, screenplay by John Huston (1906-1987), based on a novel by by B. Traven (1882-1969)

"Badges? We don't need no stinking badges!" -- Mexican Bandit, 1974 film Blazing Saddles, screenplay by Mel Brooks (1926-), Richard Pryor (1940-2005), Norman Steinberg (1939-), Andrew Bergman (1945-), and Alan Unger (-)

"War is at best barbarism. Its glory is all moonshine. It is only those who have neither fired a shot nor heard the shrieks and groans of the wounded who cry aloud for blood, more vengeance, more desolation. War is hell." -- General William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891), Graduation address at Michigan Military Academy, June 19, 1879

"In peace, children inter their parents; war violates the order of nature and causes parents to inter their children." -- Herodotus (484 BC - 430 BC), The Histories of Herodotus

"This nation is like all the others -- ready to shout for any cause that will tickle its vanity or fill its pocket." -- Mark Twain, a pseudonym of Samuel Clemens (1835-1910)

"In the councils of government we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will exist." -- Dwight David Eisenhower (1890-1969)

"Never take counsel of your fears." -- Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson (1824-1863)

"Abandon your animosities. . . . Make your sons Americans." -- Robert E. Lee (1807-1870), 1865, after Appomattox

"To announce that there must be no criticism of the president, or that we are to stand by the president, right or wrong, is not only unpatriotic and servile, but is morally treasonable to the American public." -- Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919), the twenty-sixth President of the United States (1901-1909), "Editoral" Kansas City Star. May 7, 1918.

"Those who are willing to forfeit liberty for security will have neither." -- Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)

"Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, it's the only thing that ever does." -- Margaret Mead (1901-1978)

"Violence is the last refuge of the incompetent." -- Salvor Hardin, in the novel Foundation by Isaac Asimov (1920-1992)

"All wars are wars among thieves who are too cowardly to fight and who therefore induce the young manhood to do the fighting for them." -- Emma Goldman (1869-1940), 1917

"I criticize America because I love her. I want her to stand as a moral example to the world." -- Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968)

"Those who are incapable of committing great crimes do not readily suspect them in others." -- Francois De La Rochefoucauld (1613-1680)

"Men will not be free until the last king is strangled with the entrails of the last priest." -- Voltaire, a pseudonyum of Francois Marie Arouet (1694-1778)

"The trouble with the world is that the stupid are cocksure and the intelligent are full of doubt." -- Bertrand Russell (1872-1970)

"We don't stop playing because we grow old; we grow old because we stop playing." -- George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950)

"If you see in any given situation only what everybody else can see, you can be said to be so much a representative of your culture that you are a victim of it." -- S.I. Hayakawa (1906-1992)

"Religion is the enemy of truth." -- Richard Dawkins (1941-), biologist

"Joseph McCarthy proved [that] the more ridiculous the charge, the less possibility there is of defense." -- John Steinbeck (1902-1968), awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature 1962, America & Americans

"We learn from experience that men never learn anything from experience." -- George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950)

"Gradually but unmistakably America is showing signs of that arrogance of power -- the tendency of great nations to equate power with virtue and major responsibilities with a universal mission -- which has affected, weakened and in some cases destroyed great nations in the past. In so doing, we are not living up to our capacity and promise as a civilized example for the world; the measure of our falling short is the measure of the patriot's duty of dissent. And, in a democracy, dissent is an act of faith." -- Sen. J. William Fulbright (1905-1995)

"If it ain't broke, don't fix it." -- Bert Lantz (1931-), US government official, quoted in Nation's Business, May 1977. From Random House Dictionary of Popular Proverbs and Sayings (1996) by Gregory Y. Titelman (Random House, New York, 1996).

"Societies have always been shaped more by the nature of the media by which men communicate than by the content of the communication." -- Marshall McLuhan (1911-1980), The Medium is the Massage

"Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power." -- Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865)

"Life is short, but wide." -- Spanish proverb

"In a battle between force and an idea, the latter always prevails." -- Ludwig von Mises (1881-1973), Liberalism in the Classical Tradition, chapter 1 section 10

"All men desire peace, but very few desire those things which make for peace." -- Thomas à Kempis (b. 1379 or 1380, d. 1471)

"Beware of the leader who bangs the drums of war in order to whip the citizenry into patriotic fervor, for patriotism is indeed a double-edged sword. It both emboldens the blood, just as it narrows the mind. And when the drums of war have reached a fever pitch and the blood boils with hate and the mind has closed, the leader will have no need in seizing the rights of the citizenry, [who] infused with fear and blinded by patriotism, will offer up all of their rights unto the leader and gladly so. How will I know? For this I have done. And I am Julius Caesar." -- widely attributed, especially on the Internet, to Julius Caesar (100 BC - 44 BC) but the attribution has not been verified

"Man is born free but is everywhere in chains." -- Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778)

"The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants. It is its natural manure." -- Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)

"A patriot must always be ready to defend his country against his government." -- Edward Abbey (1927-1989)

"Do not believe in anything simply because you have heard it. Do not believe in traditions because they have been handed down for many generations. Do not believe in anything because it is found written in your religious books. Do not believe in anything merely on the authority of your teachers and elders. But after observation and analysis, when you find that anything agrees with reason, and is conducive to the good and benefit of one and all, accept it and live up to it." -- Gotama Buddha (563 BC - 484 BC) [born Prince Siddhartha]

"Question with boldness even the existence of a God; because, if there be one, he must more approve of the homage of reason, than that of blind-folded fear." -- Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)

"The Government of the United States is not, in any sense, founded on the Christian religion." (1796) -- George Washington (1732-1799), the first President of the United States (1789-1797)

"Facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored." -- Aldous Huxley (1894-1963)

"The preservation of the means of knowledge among the lowest ranks is of more importance to the public than all the property of the rich men in the country." -- John Adams (1735-1826)

"If hard work were such a wonderful thing, surely the rich would have kept it all to themselves." -- Joseph Lane Kirkland (1922-1999), president AFL-CIO, 1979-95

"There are only two ways to live your life. One is as though nothing is a miracle. The other is as though everything is a miracle." -- Albert Einstein (1879-1955)

"The best and most beautiful things in this world cannot be seen or even heard, but must be felt with the heart." -- Helen Keller (1880-1968)

"You can complain because rosebushes have thorns, or rejoice because thorn bushes have roses." -- Lao Tse (b. 604 BC)

"All our dreams can come true -- if we have the courage to pursue them." -- Walt Disney (1901-1966)

"Clothes make the man; naked people have little or no influence in society." -- Mark Twain, a pseudonym of Samuel Clemens (1835-1910)

"Both oligarch and tyrant mistrust the people, and therefore deprive them of arms." -- Aristotle (384 BC - 322 BC), Nicomachean Ethics

"Among the many misdeeds of the British rule in India, history will look upon the Act depriving a whole nation of arms as the blackest." -- Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948), An Autobiography, pg 446

"Getting a dog is like getting married. It teaches you to be less self-centered, to accept sudden, surprising outbursts of affection, and not to be upset by a few scratches on your car." -- Will Stanton (1918-), American humorist and magazine writer

"i pensieri stretti, ed il viso sciolto" "thoughts close, and looks loose" [closed thoughts and an open face] -- Scipione Alberti (1550-1600), a Papal courtier from Siena, nephew of Pope Paul IV [Quoted by Henry Wotton in a letter to John Milton, 13 April 1638, as published in Logan Pearsall Smith, The life and letters of Sir Henry Wotton (1907), Vol. 2, p. 381; Translation: "Your thoughts close, and your countenance loose..." attributed to Wotton in Vol. 1, p. 22; http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Scipione_Alberti] [Sir Henry Wotton, advice to John Milton, G. B. Hill's edition of Lives of the English Poets, 3 vols. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1905)]

"Illegitimi Non Carborundum" "Don't let the bastards grind you down" -- General "Vinegar Joe" Stilwell's (1883-1946) motto in World War II, William Safire's New Political Dictionary : The Definitive Guide to the New Language of Politics Random House, New York, 1993

"There is no flag large enough to cover the shame of killing innocent people for a purpose which is unattainable." -- Howard Zinn (1922-), Terrorism Over Tripoli, 1993, from The Zinn Reader, Seven Stories Press

"The sea will grant each man new hope
The sleep brings dreams of home."
-- Christopher Columbus (1451-1506), The Journal of Christopher Columbus (during His First Voyage, 1492-93) and Documents Relating to the Voyages of John Cabot and Gaspar Corte Real
"And the sea will grant each man new hope as sleep brings dreams of home." -- Christopher Columbus (1451-1506), as quoted in the 1990 movie The Hunt for Red October, writing credits: Tom Clancy (1947-) (novel The Hunt for Red October), Larry Ferguson (1940-) (screenplay) and Donald Stewart (1930-1999) (screenplay)

"It ain't what you don't know that gets you into trouble. It's what you know for sure that just ain't so." -- Mark Twain, a pseudonym of Samuel Clemens (1835-1910)

"Error of opinion may be tolerated where reason is left free to combat it." -- Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)

"There is nothing worse than a sharp image of a fuzzy concept." -- Ansel Adams (1902-1984)

"To speak ill of others is a dishonest way of praising ourselves." -- Will (1885-1981) and Ariel (1898-1981) Durant

"Poor is the pupil who does not surpass his master." -- Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)

"There are four sorts of men:
He who knows not and knows not he knows not : he is a fool - shun him;
He who knows not and knows he knows not : he is simple - teach him;
He who knows and knows not he knows : he is asleep - wake him;
He who knows and knows he knows : he is wise - follow him."
-- An Arabian Proverb (Lady Burton, 1890) [Lady Isabel Arundell Burton, The Life of Captain Sir Richard F. Burton]

"Associate not with evil men, lest you increase their number." -- a paraphrase of George Herbert (1593-1633), Outlandish Proverbs, 310: "Keep not ill men company, lest you increase the number."

"All you need to start an asylum is an empty room and the right kind of people." -- Alexander Bullock, 1936 movie My Man Godfrey screenplay by Morrie Ryskind (1895-1985), Eric Hatch (1901-1973), Zoe Akins (1886-1958), Gregory La Cava (1892-1952), Robert Presnell Sr. (1894-1969), based on Hatch's novella 1011 Fifth Avenue

"We have long since made clear that a state of war is not a blank check for the President when it comes to the rights of the Nation's citizens." -- Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, HAMDI et al. v. RUMSFELD, SECRETARY OF DEFENSE, et al., on writ of certiorari to the united states court of appeals for the fourth circuit, June 28, 2004.

"What you do speaks so loudly that I cannot hear what you say." -- Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)

"Perfection is attained by slow degrees; it requires the hand of time." -- Voltaire, a pseudonyum of Francois Marie Arouet (1694-1778)

"Education is simply the soul of a society as it passes from one generation to another." -- Gilbert K. Chesterton (1874-1936)

"You don't have to believe everything you think." -- bumper sticker, seen 2004-12-30
"Don't believe everything you think." -- bumper sticker, seen circa 2005

"When a man marries his mistress he creates a vacancy." -- Sir James Goldsmith (1933-1997)

"I have a zest for living, yet twice an urge to die." -- Errol Flynn (1909-1959)

"Persecution is not an original feature in any religion; but it is always the strongly marked feature of all law-religions, or religions established by law." -- Thomas Paine (1737-1809), The Rights of Man, 1791

"Life in Lubbock, Texas, taught me two things: one is that God loves you and you're going to burn in hell; the other is that sex is the most awful, filthy thing on Earth and you should save it for someone you love." -- Attributed to Butch Hancock (1945-), The Flatlanders

"Never get into an argument with a preacher or a newspaper; the preacher always calls on heaven as witness that he is right, and the newspaper always has the last word with its readers." -- Hugh Doggett Scott, Jr. (1900-1994), U.S. Congress, Senate, How To Get Into Politics, New York: J. Day Co., 1949.

"When you revise history you lose it." -- Roger Ebert (1942-), interviewed by Scott Simon, Weekend Edition Saturday, National Public Radio, Saturday, July 2, 2005.

"Wear your disfunctional childhood with pride." -- A sign in a tatoo parler, circa 2004

"What do we live life for, if it is not to make life less difficult for each other?" -- George Eliot, pseudonym for Mary Ann Cross, also Marian Evans, original surname Evans (1819-1880)

"Never listen to a woman's tears, Charlie Brown." -- Lucy Van Pelt, in the comic strip Peanuts, Sunday, September 28, 1969, and (repeated) Sunday, September 25, 2005, Charles Monroe Schulz (1922-2000)

"The opposite of pro is con;
That fact is clearly seen;
If progress means move forward,
Then what does Congress mean?"
-- Nipsey Russel (1924-2005)

"You don't have to burn books to destroy a culture. Just get people to stop reading them." -- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948)

"Democracy is two wolves and a lamb voting on what to have for lunch. Liberty is a well-armed lamb contesting the vote." -- Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)

"Where liberty dwells, there is my country." -- Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)

"He's a fool who cannot conceal his wisdom." -- Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)

"carpe noctem" ["seize the night"] -- seen on a college shirt, spring semester 2006

"Never attribute to malice that which can satisfactorily be explained by incompetence." -- Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), attributed

"Never attribute to malice that which is adequately explained by stupidity." -- Robert J. Hanlon of Scranton, Pa, the quote is known as Hanlon's Razor; "Murphy's Law book two: More reasons why things go wrong!" by Arthur Bloch, page 52, chapter entitled "Advanced Expertsmanship", 1980, Price/Stern/Sloan Publishers, Inc.

"Never attribute to malice that which is adequately explained by stupidity." -- William James (1842-1910), attribured

"You have attributed conditions to villainy that simply result from stupidity."i -- Robert A. Heinlein, in Logic of Empire, a 1941 SF story, who calls the error it indicates the 'devil theory' of sociology

"Oh! Tis a fearful thing to love what death can touch" -- inscribed on the tombstone of Edna M. Spink (1845c-1870), Center Cemetery, East Hartford, Hartford County, Connecticut

"Truths are illusions of which one has forgotten that they are illusions." -- Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)

"Learn to wait in line." -- common saying

"... the eternal struggle of hope over experience." -- Paul Atterbury (1945-), Antiques Roadshow (B.B.C.) in King's College, Cambridge on Thursday, 29th July, 2004; broadcast on KRMA-TV, PBS, Thursday, June 29, 2006, as Antiques Roadshow U.K.

"A second marriage is the triumph of hope over experience." -- Samuel Johnson (1709-1784)

"Be like a duck. Calm on the surface, but always paddling like the dickens underneath." -- Michael Caine (1933-)

"Few can foresee whither their road will lead them, till they come to its end." -- Legolas, in The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, Book 3, Chapter 5: The White Rider, by J.R.R. Tolkien (1892-1973)

Jaroslaw Rzeszotko: "What do you think is the most important skill every programmer should posses?"
Tim Bray: "Ability to prefer evidence to intuition."
-- from an interview by Jaroslaw "sztywny" Rzeszotko, "Stiff asks, great programmers answer", http://www.stifflog.com/2006/10/16/stiff-asks-great-programmers-answer/

"Those who would give up essential Liberty, to purchase a little temporary Safety, deserve neither Liberty nor Safety." -- Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), reply of the Pennsylvania Assembly to the Governor, November 11, 1755

"Our progress as a nation can be no swifter than our progress in education." -- John F. Kennedy (1917-1963), the thirty-fifth President of the United States (1961-1963)

"University politics are vicious precisely because the stakes are so small." -- Henry A. Kissinger (1923-)

"Blind faith in incompetent leadership is not patriotic." -- bumper sticker, seen January 2007

"Freud: If it's not one thing it's your mother." -- Robin Williams (1951-), American Actor

"We are healthy only to the extent that our ideas are humane." -- Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. (1922-2007)

"So it goes." -- Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. (November 11, 1922 - April 11, 2007)

"Lord, help me to be the person my dog thinks I am." -- bumper sticker, seen 2007-04-27

"No legacy is so rich as honesty." -- William Shakespeare (1564-1616), All's Well That Ends Well, Act 3 scene 5

"Be nice to America or we'll bring democracy to your country." -- bumper sticker, seen 2007-06-11

"I don't just hug trees, I kiss them, too." -- bumper sticker, seen 2008-03-13

"Meditation isn't what you think." -- bumper sticker, seen 2008-10-22

"Nothing is more honorable than a grateful heart." -- Lucius Annaeus Seneca (c. 4 BC - AD 65)

"The church says the earth is flat; but I have seen its shadow on the moon, and I have more confidence even in a shadow than in the church." -- Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521), as quoted by Robert Green Ingersoll (1833-1899) in Individuality,1873

"Yours is a world well lost." -- John Dryden (1631-1700), as quoted by Joe Haldeman (1943-) in The Accidental Time Machine, 2007
[perhaps All For Love: The World Well Lost by John Dryden]

"Don't let big government tell you when to walk and don't walk, jay walk for Jesus." -- A Prairie Home Companion, broadcast October 25, 2008, from the Chapman Theater in Tulsa, Oklahoma

"Freedom is the distance between church and state." -- bumper sticker, seen 2008-11-26

"Consciousness -- that confusing time between naps." -- bumper sticker, seen 2009-09-01

"Those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities." -- Voltaire, a pseudonyum of Francois Marie Arouet (1694-1778)

"Once the game is over, the king and the pawn go back in the same box." -- Italian Proverb

"Television is to news what bumper stickers are to philosophy -- Richard Nixon" -- bumper sticker, seen 2009-09-17
"Richard Nixon believes that 'television is to news what bumper stickers are to philosophy.'" -- Thomas Griffith (1915-2002), Newswatch: Trusting the Deliveryman Most, Time Magazine, Monday, July 6, 1981

"There can be no permanent progress in the battle against hunger until the agencies that fight for increased food production and those that fight for population control unite in a common effort." -- Norman E. Borlaug (1914-2009), an American agronomist, humanitarian, and Nobel laureate, whose work led to the Green Revolution, extracted from his Acceptance Speech, on the occasion of the award of the Nobel Peace Peace Prize in Oslo, December 10, 1970

"We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit." -- Will Durant (1885-1981), The Story of Philosophy: The Lives and Opinions of the World's Greatest Philosophers (1926) [Simon & Schuster/Pocket Books, 1991, ISBN 0-671-73916-6] Ch. II: Aristotle and Greek Science; part VII: Ethics and the Nature of Happiness, p. 76

"For every ailment under the sun
There is a remedy, or there is none;
If there be one, try to find it;
If there be none, never mind it.
-- a Mother Goose rhyme (circa 1650 to 1695)

"Nothing draws a crowd like a crowd." -- P.T. Barnum [Phineas Taylor Barnum] (1810-1891)

"Keep Looking Up was my life's admonition, I can do little else in my present position." -- Jack Foley Horkheimer (born Foley Arthur Horkheimer)(1938-2010), self-penned epitaph, host (1976-2010) of Star Gazer, a five-minute astronomy show on public television

"When fascism comes to America, it will be wrapped in the flag and carrying a cross." -- Sinclair Lewis [bumper sticker seen 2010-10-15; a misattribution to Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951)]

"When fascism comes to America, it will be wrapped in the flag and carrying a cross." A misquote of Harrison Evans Salisbury's 1971 citing of Lewis: "Sinclair Lewis aptly predicted in It Can't Happen Here that if fascism came to America it would come wrapped in the flag and whistling 'The Star Spangled Banner.'" -- Wikiquote on Sinclair Lewis, 2010-10-15, URL: http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Sinclair_Lewis [Harrison Evans Salisbury (1908-1993), Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951)]

"When and if fascism comes to America it will not be labeled 'made in Germany'; it will not be marked with a swastika; it will not even be called fascism; it will be called, of course, 'Americanism'" -- Professor Halford E. Luccock (1885-1961) of Yale Divinity School, New York Times article, September 12, 1938, page 15

"Understanding is, after all, what science is all about -- and science is a great deal more than mere mindless computation." -- Roger Penrose (1931-), Shadows of the Mind: A Search for the Missing Science of Consciousness, 1994, London, UK: Vintage, Random House UK Limited, 1995; first published by Oxford University Press, 1994.

"Militant Agnostic: I don't know & you don't either" -- bumper sticker, seen 2010-10-20

"the banality of evil" -- Hannah Arendt (1906-1975), a phrase she coined to describe Eichmann, Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil (1963), (Rev. ed. New York: Viking, 1968).

"Because things are the way they are, things will not stay the way they are." -- Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht (1898-1956), commonly known as Bertolt Brecht, as quoted in Dictionary of Contemporary Quotations (1976) by John Gordon Burke and Ned Kehde, p. 224, also in The Book of Positive Quotations (2007) by John Cook, p. 390

"Unhappy is the land that needs a hero." -- Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht (1898-1956), commonly known as Bertolt Brecht, Life of Galileo (1938), Scene 12, p. 115

"If one knows only what one is told, one does not know enough to be able to arrive at a well-balanced decision." -- Leo Szilard (1898-1964), unsourced

"I had not been long back from Hiroshima when I heard someone say, in Szilard's presence; that it was the tragedy of scientists that their discoveries were used for destruction. Szilard replied, as he more than anyone else had the right to reply; that it was not the tragedy of scientists, it is the tragedy of mankind." -- Jacob Bronowski (1908-1974) in "Knowledge or Certainty" of The Ascent of Man

"Vote your hopes not your fears." -- bumper sticker, seen 2011-02-25

"He uses statistics as a drunken man uses lamp-posts ... for support rather than illumination." -- Andrew Lang (1844-1912), Scottish poet, novelist and literary critic

"He who makes a beast of himself gets rid of the pain of being a man." -- Dr. Samuel Johnson (1709-1784)

"There is no hope for the satisfied man." -- Frederick G. Bonfils (1861-1933), founder of The Denver Post

"The individual has always had to struggle to keep from being overwhelmed by the tribe. If you try it, you will be lonely often, and sometimes frightened. But no price is too high to pay for the privilege of owning yourself." -- Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)

"What would Scooby do?" -- bumper sticker, seen 2012-08-29

"Don't drive angry." -- 1993 film Groundhog Day, screenplay by Danny Rubin (1957-) and Harold Ramis (1944-), based on a story by Danny Rubin

"He who fights against monsters should see to it that he does not become a monster in the process. And when you stare persistently into an abyss, the abyss also stares into you." -- Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)

"The show doesn't go on because it's ready; it goes on because it's 11:30." -- Lorne Michaels (1944-), commenting on Saturday Night Live, the NBC show he created in 1975, interviewed by Alec Baldwin on Here's the Thing, Monday, January 30, 2012, WYNC

"At the last dim horizon, we search among ghostly errors of observations for landmarks that are scarcely more substantial. The search will continue. The urge is older than history. It is not satisfied and it will not be oppressed." -- Edwin Powell Hubble (1889-1953)

"Equipped with his five senses, man explores the universe around him and calls the adventure Science." -- Edwin Powell Hubble (1889-1953)

What Love Is Like
"Love is like
a pineapple,
sweet and
-- Piet Hein (1905-1996), Danish mathematician, scientist, inventor, and poet

"Problems worthy
of attack
prove their worth
by hitting back."
-- Piet Hein (1905-1996), Danish mathematician, scientist, inventor, and poet

"Put up in a place
where it's easy to see
the cryptic admonishment
When you feel how depressingly
slowly you climb,
it's well to remember that
Things Take Time."
-- Piet Hein (1905-1996), Danish mathematician, scientist, inventor, and poet

"Mind these three:
Hear Their Chime:
Things Take Time."
-- Piet Hein (1905-1996), Danish mathematician, scientist, inventor, and poet

"The purpose of art is not the release of a momentary ejection of adrenaline but rather the gradual, lifelong construction of a state of wonder and serenity." -- Glenn Gould (1932-1982), Canadian pianist

"The ultimate sin of any performer is contempt for the audience." -- Lester Bangs (1948-1982)

"These are the times that try men's souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph." -- Thomas Paine (1737-1809), The American Crisis, Number I (1776)

"I myself have never been able to find out precisely what feminism is: I only know that people call me a feminist whenever I express sentiments that differentiate me from a doormat or a prostitute." -- Rebecca West, pen name of Cicely Isabel Fairfield (1892-1983)

"Where ignorance is bliss -- 'Tis folly to be wise." -- Thomas Gray (1716-1771)

"God bless the cakes and bless the jam;
Bless the cheese and the cold boiled ham;
Bless the scones Aunt Jeannie makes,
And save us all from bellyaches. Amen."
-- Robert Service (1874-1958), Canadian poet, at six years old, a grace to be said over meals

"Memoir is not an act of history but an act of memory, which is innately corrupt." -- Mary Karr (1955-), poet, essayist and memoirist

"Remember not only to say the right thing in the right place, but far more difficult still, to leave unsaid the wrong thing at the tempting moment." -- Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), one of the Founding Fathers of the United States

"Too bad that all the people that know how to run the country are busy driving taxicabs and cutting hair." -- George Burns (1896-1996), comedian and author

"My candle burns at both ends
It will not last the night;
But ah, my foes, and oh, my friends--
It gives a lovely light!"
-- "First Fig", from A Few Figs from Thistles (1920), by Edna St. Vincent Millay (1892-1950)

"I'd say yes, but facts say maybe." -- Charlie Chan, as played by Sidney Toler, 1939 film Charlie Chan at Treasure Island, screenplay by John Larkin (1901-1965)

"Nihil sapientiae odiosius acumine nimio" (Nothing is more hateful to wisdom than excessive cleverness) -- The Purloined Letter, by Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849), from the treatise "De Remediis utriusque Fortunae" ("Remedies for Fortune Fair and Foul") by Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374)

"And that's how I know he can be beaten. Because he's a fanatic. And the fanatic is always concealing a secret doubt." -- George Smiley [on Karla], as played by Gary Oldman (1958-), 2011 film Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy, screenplay by Bridget O'Connor (1961-2010) and Peter Straughan (1968-), based on the novel Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy by John le Carre (1931-)

"Moderation in all things, including moderation" -- unsourced quotation attributed to many people; sometimes attributed to Petronius, Gaius Petronius Arbiter (c. 27 - 66 AD), and known as Petronius's paradox

"If the mirror showed your true image, break yourself, it is wrong to break the mirror." -- old proverb, perhaps Iranian


References related to the MDL Programming Language

[Dornbrook 1981] Michael Dornbrook and Marc Blank, The MDL Programming Language Primer, M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer Science, 1981.
[Galley 1979] S.W. Galley and Greg Pfister, The MDL Programming Language, M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer Science, 1979.
[Lebling 1980] Lebling, P. David, The MDL Programming Environment, M.I.T. Laboratory for Computer Science, May, 1980.

The MDL entry in The Language List:

MDL - (originally "Muddle"). C. Reeve, C. Hewitt & G. Sussman, Dynamic Modeling Group, MIT ca. 1971. Intended as a successor to Lisp, and a possible base for Planner-70. Basically LISP 1.5 with data types and arrays. Many of its features were advanced at the time (I/O, interrupt handling and coroutining), and were incorporated into later LISP dialects ("optional", "rest" and "aux" markers). In the mid 80's there was an effort to use bytecoding to make the language portable. CLU was first implemented in MDL. Infocom wrote Zork in MDL, and used it as the basis for the ZIL interpreter. "The MDL Programming Language", S.W. Galley et al, Doc SYS.11.01, Project MAC, MIT (Nov 1975). Implementations exist for ITS, TOPS-20, BSD 4.3, Apollo Domain, SunOS and A/UX.

(The Language List is an attempt to enumerate all known programming languages. It is maintained by Bill Kinnersley <billk@cs.ukans.edu> and is periodically published on comp.lang.misc.)

(If anyone has access to one of the above referred to implementations I would be interested in hearing from you. -dgb)

(Designed using vi)
(Updated 2013-03-27, dgb)
Copyright © 1997-2013 by David G. Beausang