References Mentioned in the 2006 Darcy Lecture


Teach yourself Ground-Water Model Calibration:


Hill MC, 1998, Methods and guidelines for effective model calibration. U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4005.

Specifics with exercises:

Hill MC and CR Tiedeman, Coming from Wiley in January 2007, Effective Groundwater Model Calibration, with Analysis of Sensitivities, Predictions, and Uncertainty: Including examples from other fields

A related paper not mentioned in the presentation:

Poeter EP and MC Hill, 1997, Inverse Methods: A Necessary Next Step in Groundwater Modeling, Ground Water, v. 35, no. 2, pp. 250-260.

Development of Alternative Conceptual Models and Model Averaging:


Burnham KP and DR Anderson. 2002. Model selection and multi-model inference: a practical information-theoretic approach. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY.

Specific to Ground Water Modeling:

Jakeman, A.J., R.A. Letcher, and J.P. Norton. 2006. Ten iterative steps in development and evaluation of environmental models, Environmental Modelling & Software, v. 21, no. 5, pp. 602-614. see:

Neuman SP and PJ Wierenga. 2003. A Comprehensive Strategy of Hydrogeologic Modeling and Uncertainty Analysis for Nuclear Facilities and Sites, (NUREG/CR-6805), 236 p.

A related paper not mentioned in the lecture:

Poeter, EP and DR Anderson, 2005, Multi-model Ranking and Inference in Ground-Water Modeling, Ground Water, v. 43, no. 4: 597-605.


Poeter EP, MC Hill, and ER Banta, UCODE_2005 and Six Other Computer Codes for Universal Sensitivity Analysis, Calibration, and Uncertainty Evaluation, 2005, USGS Techniques and Methods 6-A11. UCODE_2005_Manual_USGS-TM6-A11.pdf



Poeter EP, MC Hill, and ER Banta, MMRI, A Computer Code for Multi-Model Ranking and Inference, in preparation, USGS Report.


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