B.S. Chemistry Lake Superior State University
M.S. & Ph.D. Geochemistry Colorado School of Mines
Post-doctoral study at Water Studies Centre,
Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Geochemical influences on metal transport and bioavailability, Environmental colloids and suspended particles; Natural organic matter; Field-flow fractionation methods; ICP-AES/MS methods; Chemistry of acid-mine drainage
Link to Geochemistry Program at CSM
Metals such as Cu, Zn, Ni, Cd, Pb enter aquatic and soil systems from numerous sources. The degree to which these metals are bioavailable depends in large part on their speciation, which is controled by water chemistry. The biotic ligand model (BLM) is one approach to relating water chemistry to the toxic effects of metals on aquatic and soil organisms. We are examining the application of the BLM systems that have been contaminated by past mining activities. As part of this research we are comparing the results of BLM modeling, conventional aquatic organism toxicity tests, and enzyme bioassays.
More info on metal bioavailability:
The Biotic Ligand Model: Technical Support Document for Its Application to the Evaluation of Water Quality Criteria for Copper
BIOAVAILABILITY OF METALS (pdf)
Environmental colloids can be described as
particles smaller than one micrometer. They can make up a significant proportion of
suspended sediments and are important in that they: effectively bind pollutants; do not
readily settle out of surface waters; and are mobile in groundwaters. Consequently they
can facilitate the transport of pollutants. Currently not much is known about the
abundance and properties of environmental colloids. Much of my work has been involved in
the development of methods to collect and analyze colloids from rivers, reservoirs,
mountain streams, soil solutions, and groundwaters. One specific aspect of my research is
how colloids effect the toxicity of metals. I have found tangential-flow filtration and
ICP-AES to be an effective means of examining this.
More info on
environmental colloids and suspended particles
Field-flow fractionation (FFF) is a family of
related methods which provide a high-resolution, size separation of macromolecules,
colloids and particles over an ultimate range of a few thousand daltons to 50 micrometers.
One significant advantage of FFF over other size analysis methods is that it provides a
separation which allows further analysis of colloids as a function of size. I have
directly coupled FFF to; ICP-MS to obtain elemental composition of soil and aquatic
colloids over a size range of 0.1-1.0 micrometers; and to ICP-AES to examine copper
binding to humic substances over a molecular weight range of about 1,000 to 10,000
daltons. Currently I am using FFF to examine soil particle composition over a size range
of 1-25 micrometers. Other methods we have used in conjunction with FFF are electron
microscopy and X-ray diffraction.
More Info on Field-Flow
Another area of research interest is in the
chemistry of acid-mine drainage (AMD) generation. Colorado, and other western states, has
a rich history of mining, which unfortunately has also left us with the environmental
consequences of sulfide weathering. The sulfide minerals present in the ores and
surrounding rock oxidize to form sulfuric acid. Release of metals from the sulfide mineral
oxidation, and from further acid attack on the rock, create water quality problems in
surface and ground waters which receive acid mine drainage. At the heart of the formation
of AMD, and the remediation of AMD, lie complex geochemical reactions. These reactions can
include: mineral dissolution/precipitation; adsorption/desorption; and microbiological
reactions. I am currently examining the mechanisms and rates of weathering of
mine-tailings deposits that occur along the Upper Arkansas River.
More Info on Acid
Selected Publications and Published
- Hendry, J. M., Ranville, J. F., Reszat, T. N., Xie, Q., and B. Honeyman, submitted, Quantifing Uranium complexation by groundwater dissolved organic carbon using asymetrical flow field flow fractionation. J. Contam. Hydrol.
- Jackson , B. P. , Ranville, J. F., Bertsch, P. M., and A. Sowder, submitted, Characterization of colloidal and humic-bound Ni and U in the ‘dissolved' fraction of contaminated sediment pore waters. Environ. Sci. Technol.
- Ranville, J. F., Chittleborough, D. J., and R. Beckett, in press, Particle size and major element distributions of soil colloids and their implications for soil colloid transport processes. Soil Sci. Soc. America.
- Jackson, B. P., Ranville, J. F., and A. Neal, in press, Application of Flow Field Flow Fractionation-ICP-MS for the Study of Uranium Binding in Bacterial Cell Suspensions, Anal. Chem.
- Gillis, P.L, Chow-Fraser P., Ranville J.F., Ross P.E. , and C.M. Wood. , in press, Gut clearance patterns in D. magna: the effect of exposure to and ingestion of metal-contaminated sediment. Aquatic Toxicology
- Bednar, A. J., Garbarino, J. R., Burkhardt, M. R., Ranville, J. F. and Wildeman, T. R., 2004, Field and laboratory arsenic speciation methods and their application to natural-water analysis. Water Res , 38 , 355-364.
- Hendry, J., Ranville, J. F., and Wassener, L. I. 2003. Geochemical and transport properties of dissolved organic carbon in a clay-rich aquitard. Water Resources Res . 39 , 1194-1204.
- Seaman, J.C., Bertsch, P.M., Guerin, M., Ranville, J. F., and Jackson, B. P. 2003. Characterizing complex mineral assemblages: The application of advanced analytical techniques to the study of mobile groundwater colloids. In Geochemical Surface Controls on Trace Element Fate, ed. W. Kingery and H. Selim, CRC Press.
- Benedetti, M., Ranville, J. F., Allard, T., and Menguy, N. 2003. The iron status in colloidal matter from the Rio Negro . Coll. and Surf. A: Physico. and Eng. Aspects, 217 , 1-9
- Bednar, A. J., J. R. Garbarino, I. Ferrer, D. W. Rutherford, R. L. Wershaw, J. F. Ranville, and T. R. Wildeman. 2003. Photodegradation of roxarsone in poultry litter leachates, Sci. Total Environ., 302 , 237-245.
- Bednar, A. J., Garbarino, J. R., Ranville, J. F. and Wildeman, T. R. 2002. Prevalence of Organoarsenicals used in cotton production in agricultural water and soil of the Southern United States . J. Agric. Food Chem ., 50 , 7340-7344.
- Honeyman, B. D. and Ranville, J. F. 2002. Colloid Properties and Their Effects on Radionuclide Transport through Soils and Groundwaters. In, Geochemistry of Soil Radionuclides, P. C. Zhang and P. V. Brady, eds., SSSA Special Publication Number 59, Soil Science Society of America , Madison , WI , pp. 131-163.
- Benedetti, M, Ranville,J. F., Ponthieu, M. and Pinheiro, J. P. ,2002, Field-flow fractionation characterization and binding of particulate and colloidal organic matter from the Rio Amazon and Rio Negro . Organic Geochem ., 33 , 269-279.
- Bednar, A. J., Garbarino, J. R., Ranville, J. F. and Wildeman, T. R. 2002. Preservation of inorganic arsenic species in groundwater and acid mine drainage samples, , Envir. Sci. & Tech. , 36 , 2213-2218.
- Ranville, J. F. and Beckett, R., 2000, Aquatic Colloids, in, Field-Flow Fractionation Handbook (Chapter 32), M.E. Schimpf, K. Caldwell, and J. C. Giddings, eds., Wiley-Interscience, New York, pp 507-523.
- Wright, S., Ranville, J., and Amy, G., 2000, Relating complex solute mixture characteristics to membrane fouling, Proceedings of the Conference on Membranes in Drinking and Industrial Water Production. Vol. 1, p. 207-214, Desalination Publications, L'Aquila , Italy
- Saenton, S., Lee, H., Gao, Y., Ranville, J. F., and Williams, S. K. R., 2000, Evaluation of different field-flow fractionation techniques for separating bacteria, Sep. Sci. Technol ., 35 , 1761-1775.
- Ranville, J. F., Chittleborough, D. J., Doss, F., Harris, T., R. Morrison, and Beckett, R., 1999, Development of sedimentation field-flow fractionation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry for the characterization of environmental colloids, Anal. Chimica. Acta . 381 , p315-329.
- Ranville, J. F. and Schmiermund, 1999, General Aspects pf Aquatic Colloids in Environmental Geochemistry. In, The Environmental Geochemistry of Mineral Deposits: Part A: Processes, techniques, and health issues. Reviews in Economic Geology, Vol 6A., Society of Economic Geologists, p 183-199.
- Morris, K, Ranville, J. F., Macalady, D. L., and Smith,K.S. 1999, Characterization of suspended sediments and colloids in Clear Creek , Colorado . Tailings and Mine Waste, 99 . A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam , pp. 611-616.
- Smith, K.S., Ranville, J. F., Lamothe, P.J., Meir, A.L., Walton-Day, K. , 1999a, Metal leaching through a fluvial tailings deposit along the upper Arkansas River , Colorado . Tailings and Mine Waste, 99 . A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam , pp. 627-632.
- Smith, K.S., Ranville, J.F., Plumlee, G.S., and Macalady, D.L., 1998, Predictive double-layer modeling of metal sorption in mine-drainage systems, in Jenne,E.A., ed., Metals in Geomedia: Sorption processes and model applications: Academic Press.