Unrelated Business Income Responsible Administrative Unit:
Tax (UBIT) Policy
Finance & Administration


Policy Contact:
Issued: December 2009
Controller


rcuswort@mines.edu
Revised:


1.0
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE

The purpose of this policy is to ensure that the Colorado School of Mines (”Mines”)
complies with all income tax regulations of the United States and State of Colorado. As
a public institution of higher education in of the State of Colorado, Mines is considered
“tax-exempt” from federal and state income taxes with regard to its non-profit primary
purpose. The primary purpose of Mines is its educational mission: instruction; research;
and public service in energy, mineral engineering, and mineral and materials science.
Most of the activities conducted by Mines are related to its educational mission.
However, it also conducts some business activities that are tangential to its core mission.
Revenue generating business activities at Mines that are not substantially related to its
tax-exempt educational mission subject it to income taxation by the state and federal
government.

Recent IRS audits of institutions of higher education have challenged long-standing
traditions of business activities previously categorized as related to the primary mission
and exempt from unrelated business income taxation (UBIT). The IRS guidelines in this
regard are unclear. Nonetheless, Mines will implement broad guidelines and be
cognizant of its business activities in relation to this dynamic tax issue to ensure that
those activities conform and that proper reporting to taxing agencies is taking place.

2.0
POLICY

To ensure adherence to all federal and state regulations for income taxation, the
Colorado School of Mines will evaluate all business activities and determine applicability
to UBIT regulations. As an exempt higher education institution, Mines will report
annually aggregated gross income in excess of $1,000 from unrelated business income
(UBI).

3.0
DEFINITIONS:

3.1 Program manager: The individual designated as the responsible person for a
business activity, program, or project.

3.2 “Regularly carried on”: Refers to the frequency and continuity of the business
activity. Generally, “regularly carried on” means conducting the activity in a manner
comparable to commercial activities; however, events that occur annually or
seasonally may also constitute a trade or business regularly carried on.

3.3 “Substantially related to”: Generally refers to whether the activity contributes
importantly to the accomplishment of Mines’ educational mission as it relates to its
exemption from paying income tax. The activity of an exempt organization is related
to its exempt purpose if the conduct of the business activity has "causal relationship




Unrelated Business Income Responsible Administrative Unit:
Tax (UBIT) Policy
Finance & Administration


Policy Contact:
Issued: December 2009
Controller


rcuswort@mines.edu
Revised:


to the achievement of exempt purposes" and the relationship is a "substantial
relationship." The intent is to exclude from taxation only income from those activities
that further the exempt purposes of the organization. The need to obtain funds for
other activities is not sufficient to make the income earning activity related to exempt
purposes.

3.4 Unrelated business income (UBI): The net income (revenue less expense)
from any activity that is not substantially related to the educational mission of CSM:
instruction; research; and public service in energy, mineral engineering, and mineral
and materials science, which constitutes the basis for Mines’ tax-exempt status.

3.5 Unrelated business income tax (UBIT): The tax assessed by the Internal
Revenue Service for aggregated unrelated business income.

3.6 Unrelated trade or business: Any trade or business, the conduct of which is
not substantially related to Mines’ tax-exempt educational mission.

4.0
PROCEDURES FOR DETERMINING WHETHER BUSINESS ACTIVITY IS
SUBJECT TO UBIT

4.1 Complete UBIT Questionnaire: A questionnaire for UBIT determinations has
been developed to provide assistance and documentation of campus activities. The
questionnaire can be found in Appendix A.

4.2 Be aware of exceptions: There are certain activities that are exceptions and
are considered UBI. Those exceptions include, but are not limited to, income from
rent, and interest or dividends derived from property subject to acquisition
indebtedness. Neither of these exceptions are excluded from UBIT. For example,
rental income derived from a mortgaged building would be subject to UBIT unless the
activity from which the rental income is derived is related to the entity’s exempt
purposes.

4.3 Understand incomes not subject to UBIT: The Internal Revenue Code
contains a list of certain types of incomes that are not subject to UBIT. Included, but
not limited to, are dividends and interest payments, royalties, rental income from real
property, capital gain and certain income received by a college, university or hospital
from research activities.

5.0 RESPONSIBILITY

5.1 Department responsibilities:





Unrelated Business Income Responsible Administrative Unit:
Tax (UBIT) Policy
Finance & Administration


Policy Contact:
Issued: December 2009
Controller


rcuswort@mines.edu
Revised:


Program managers of existing and proposed activities shall review their particular
operations for possible exposure to UBIT using this policy and the attached activity
questionnaire. The questionnaire should be filled out no less than annually.
Questionnaires are to be submitted to The Controller’s Office, Accounting Manager.

Operations should not be terminated simply to avoid paying taxes. These programs
must have proper pricing structures to allow for the cost of operations and the
additional burden of the tax. Individual departments are responsible for both taxes,
and interest and penalties incurred for failure to identify and report taxable activity.

5.2 Controller’s office responsibilities:

The Controller’s office will analyze campus revenue generating business activities
and determine UBIT reporting status by business activity; aggregate income and
expenses to determine taxable net income; and annually file IRS Form 990T.

6.0
APPENDIX A: UBIT QUESTIONNAIRE (see next page)




Unrelated Business Income Responsible Administrative Unit:
Tax (UBIT) Policy
Finance & Administration


Policy Contact:
Issued: December 2009
Controller


rcuswort@mines.edu
Revised:


Appendix A:
Activity Questionnaire for Unrelated Business Taxable Income Determination

Description of the Activity (please provide a detailed description)
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________

Is the Activity a “Trade or Business”?
1. Does the activity generate gross income from the sale of goods or services?
Yes No
(If NO, skip to question 2)
a. Sales are made or services are provided …
(select one)
(1)
Only to CSM students, faculty, or staff.
(2)
To CSM students, faculty and staff and the general public or private industry.
(3)
Only to the general public or private industry.
(4)
Other (describe) ________________________________________

b. Expressed as a percentage of total sales, what is the estimated volume of sales
to:
(total should equal 100%)
(1) ___% CSM students, faculty, staff or patients
(2) ___% The general public (or private practice patients)
(3) ___% Private industry
(4) ___% Government
(5) ___% Other (describe) ____________________________________

c. Is the activity profitable?







Yes No

2. The activity can be characterized as:
(select one)
a.
Traditionally performed by similar exempt organizations.
b.
Conducted in a competitive or commercial manner.
c.
Other (describe) __________________________________________

3. Is there a contract to provide goods or services?



Yes No
(If YES, please provide a copy of the contract)




Unrelated Business Income Responsible Administrative Unit:
Tax (UBIT) Policy
Finance & Administration


Policy Contact:
Issued: December 2009
Controller


rcuswort@mines.edu
Revised:


4. Is there any research-related activity associated with providing the goods or services?
Yes
No
a. If yes, please explain


































Is the Activity “Regularly Carried On”?

5. If the activity is also performed by for-profit companies, the activity is carried on by CSM…
(select one)
a.
With the same frequency as it is by for-profit companies.
b.
With greater frequency than by for-profit companies.
c.
With less frequency than by for-profit companies.

Is The Activity “Substantially Unrelated” to CSM’s Exempt Purpose?

CSM’s exempt purpose is equivalent to its mission: instruction, research, and public
service in energy, mineral and materials science and mineral engineering., i.e.: Are
students earning credit toward a degree by participating in the activity?
6. The activity …
(select one)
a.
Has as its principal purpose to accomplish CSM’s exempt purpose.
b.
Is related to the exempt purpose only because it generates income that can be
used to further CSM’s exempt purpose.
c.
Is equivalent to the same activity performed commercially by a for-profit
company.

Statutory Exemptions

7. The activity …
(select all that apply)
a.
Is carried out by unpaid volunteers.
b.
Is carried on primarily for the convenience of students, faculty, staff or patients.
c.
Consists of selling merchandise substantially all of which has been received as
gifts or donations.






Unrelated Business Income Responsible Administrative Unit:
Tax (UBIT) Policy
Finance & Administration


Policy Contact:
Issued: December 2009
Controller


rcuswort@mines.edu
Revised:


Rental of Real Property

8. The activity generates income from the rental of land or buildings (real property)?
Yes No
(If the answer to question 8 is NO, skip to question 11)
9. If the activity does generate income from the rental of real property (check all that
apply):
a.
Personal property (equipment) is rented in conjunction with real property.


Percentage of total rent attributable to the personal property _____%.
b.
The rental of the property is related to CSM’s exempt purpose.
c.
The real property (land or buildings) is debt-financed.
d.
The rents are determined based in whole or in part on the net income or profits


derived from the property under lease.
e.
Personal services (i.e., catering, or CSM employees setting up and operating


equipment, parking, laundry services, etc.) are offered. If so, list personal
services here:




Royalties

Royalties are payments associated with a valuable right, such as trademarks, trade
names, and copyrights.

10. Does the activity generate income from royalties?



Yes No

Sponsorship vs. Advertising

11. Does the activity generate income from advertising?



Yes No
or …

Is the activity a sponsorship arrangement?




Yes No

(For sponsorship activities, please provide a copy of the sponsorship contract.)


Certification of Responsible Person

Name
_______________
Telephone



__
Office Location

__________ ____
Signature



____ Date



__________




Document Outline