Recent Publications 

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2021

Z. Zhang, J. D. Way, and C. A. Wolden, "Design and operational considerations of catalytic membrane reactors for ammonia synthesis", AIChE Journal, e17259 (2021). Journal Link

W. H. Smith, J. Birnbaum, and C. A. Wolden, "Production and purification of anhydrous sodium sulfide", Journal of Sulfur Chemistry , 1-17, (2021). Journal Link

K. J. Prince, M. Nardone, S. P. Dunfield, G. Teeter, M. Mirzokarimov, E. L. Warren, D. T. Moore, J. J. Berry, C. A. Wolden, and L. M. Wheeler, "Complementary interface formation toward high-efficiency all-back-contact perovskite solar cells", Cell Reports Physical Science 2, 100363 (2021). Journal Link

Q. Wei, J. M. Lucero, J. M. Crawford, J. D. Way, C. A. Wolden, M. A. Carreon, "Ammonia separation from N2 and H2 over LTA zeolitic imidazolate framework membranes", Journal of Membrane Science 623, 119078 (2021). Journal Link

G. Yeung and C. A. Wolden, "Controlling band alignment and conductivity in gallium-doped magnesium zinc oxide (GMZO) by reactive co-sputtering", Journal of Vacuum Science and Technolgy A 39, 022802 (2021). Journal Link

2020

B. A. Rosales, L. E. Mundt, T. G. Allen, D. T. Moore, K. J. Prince, C. A. Wolden, G. Rumbles, L. T. Schelhas and L. M. Wheeler, "Reversible multicolor chromism in layered formamidinium metal halide perovskites", Nature Communications 11, 5234 (2020). Journal Link

S.-T. B. Lundin, N. S. Patki, Z. Zhang, T. F. Fuerst, C. A. Wolden and J. D. Way, "PdAu/YSZ composite hydrogen separation membranes with enhanced stability in the presence of CO", Journal of Membrane Science 611, 118371 (2020).Journal Link

Y. Samoilenko, G. Yeung, A. H. Munshi, A. Abbas, C. L. Reich, M. Walker, M. O. Reese, A. Zakutayev, J. M. Walls, W. S. Sampath and C. A. Wolden, "Stable magnesium zinc oxide by reactive co-sputtering for CdTe-based solar cells", Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 210, 110521 (2020).Journal Link

Y. Zhao, W. Smith and C. A. Wolden, "Scalable synthesis of Li2S nanocrystals for solid-state electrolyte applications", Journal of the Electrochemical Society 167, 070520 (2020). Journal Link

C.-P. Li, R. C. Tenent and C. A. Wolden, "Optical and mechanical properties of nanocomposite films based on polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and fumed silica nanoparticles", Polymer Engineering & Science 60, 553-557 (2020). Journal Link

2019

Z. Zhang, C. Karayaka, R. J. Kee, J. D. Way, and C. A. Wolden, "Barium-Promoted Ruthenium Catalysts on Yittria-Stabilized Zirconia Supports for Ammonia Synthesis", ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 7, 18038 (2019). Journal Link

Y. Samoilenko, G. Yeung, A. Zakutayev, M. O. Reese and C. A. Wolden, "Combinatorial study of MZO emitters for CdTe-based solar cells," in 46th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), 2019, pp. 2498-2502. Journal Link

Z. Zhang, S. Liguori, T. F. Fuerst, J. D. Way, and C. A. Wolden, "Efficient Ammonia Decomposition in a Catalytic Membrane Reactor To Enable Hydrogen Storage and Utilization", ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 7, 5975 (2019). Journal Link

Y. Zhao, Y. Yang, and C. A. Wolden, "Scalable Synthesis of Size-Controlled Li2S Nanocrystals for Next-Generation Battery Technologies", ACS Applied Energy Materials 2, 2246 (2019). Journal Link

T. F. Fuerst, C. N. Taylor, M. Shimada, J. D. Way and C. A. Wolden, "High temperature deuterium enrichment using TiC coated vanadium membranes", Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A 37 021501 (2019). Journal Link

2018

T. F. Fuerst, E. P. Petsalis, .J. D. Way and C. A. Wolden, "Application of TiC in vanadium based hydrogen membranes", Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 57 16084-16094 (2018). Journal Link

D. L. McGott, M.D. Kempe, S. Glynn, N. Bosco, T. M. Barnes, N.M. Haegel, C.A. Wolden, and M. O. Reese, "Controlled thermo-mechanical delamination and re-contacting of CdTe solar cells", ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 10 44854-44861 (2018). Journal Link

K. Hietala, Y. Zhao, Y. Yang, and C. A. Wolden, "Scalable synthesis of alkali sulfide nanocrystals using a bubble column reactor", Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 57 8436-8442 (2018). Journal Link

Y. Samoilenko, A. Abbas, J. M. Walls and C. A. Wolden, "Copper-induced recrystallization and interdiffusion of CdTe/ZnTe thin films", Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A 36 031201 (2018). Journal Link

Colin Wolden and Doug Way, "Saving the World through Fertiliser and Fuel", Scientia (2018). Journal Link

T. F. Fuerst, E. P. Petsalis, S.-T. B. Lundin, J. Wilcox, J. D. Way and C. A. Wolden, "Experimental and theoretical insights into the potential of V2O3 surface coatings for hydrogen permeable vanadium membranes", The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 122, 3488-3496 (2018). Journal Link

A. Abbas, D. M. Meysing, M. O. Reese, T. M. Barnes, J. M. Walls and C. A. Wolden, "Structural and chemical evolution of the CdS:O window layer during individual CdTe solar cell processing steps", Solar Energy 159, 940-946 (2018). Journal Link

T. F. Fuerst, Z. Zhang, A. M. Hentges, S.-T. B. Lundin, C. A. Wolden and J. D. Way, "Fabrication and operational considerations of hydrogen permeable Mo2C/V metal membranes and improvement with application of Pd", Journal of Membrane Science 549, 559-566 (2018). Journal Link

R. Aguirre, J. J. Chavez, J. Li, X. W. Zhou, S. F. Almeida, C. Wolden and D. Zubia, "Crystal Growth and Atom Diffusion in (Cu)ZnTe/CdTe via Molecular Dynamics", IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics 8, 594-599 (2018). Journal Link

D. L. McGott, C. A. Wolden and M. O. Reese, "Mitigation of Crack Formation During Thermo-Mechanical Delamination of CdTe Solar Cells", in 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC), pp. 0838-0841, (2018). Journal Link

Y. Samoilenko and C. A. Wolden, "Exploration of copper-free ZnTe buffer layers for CdTe-based solar cells", in 7th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (WCPEC), pp. 3040-3043, (2018). Journal Link

2017

S.-T. B. Lundin, N. S. Patki, T. F. Fuerst, C. A. Wolden and J. D. Way, "Reduction of Mg from a MgO/MgAl2O4 support by atomic hydrogen permeation through thin-film Pd membranes", Journal of Membrane Science 541, 312-320 (2017). Journal Link

X. Li, Y. Zhao, A. Brennan, M. McCeig, C. A. Wolden and Y. Yang, "Reactive precipitation of anhydrous alkali sulfide nanocrystals with concomitant abatement of hydrogen sulfide and cogeneration of hydrogen", ChemSusChem 10, 1-11 (2017). Journal Link

S.-T. B. Lundin, N. S. Patki, T. F. Fuerst, C. A. Wolden and J. D. Way, "Inhibition of hydrogen flux in palladium membranes by pressure-induced restructuring of the membrane surface", Journal of Membrane Science 535, 70-78 (2017). Journal Link

A. W. Welch, L. L. Baranowski, H. Peng, H. Hempel, R. Eichberger, T. Unold, S. Lany, C. Wolden and A. Zakutayev, "Trade-offs in thin film solar cells with layered chalcostibite photovoltaic absorbers", Advanced Energy Materials, 1601935 (2017). Journal Link

S. Kelkar and C.A. Wolden, "Evaluation of vapor deposition techniques for membrane pore size modification", Journal of Membrane Science and Research 3, 64-70 (2017). Journal Link

S.-T. B. Lundin, J. O. Law, N. S. Patki, C. A. Wolden, J. D. Way, "Glass frit sealing method for macroscopic defects in Pd-based composite membranes with application in catalytic membrane reactors", Separations and Purification Technology 172, p. 68-75 (2017). Journal Link

S. Uliná, J. Isherwood, P. Kaminski, J. Walls, J. Li and C.A. Wolden, "Development of ZnTe as a back contact material for thin film cadmium telluride solar cells", Vacuum, 139, 159–163 (2017). Journal Link

S.-T. B. Lundin, N. S. Patki, T. F. Fuerst, S. Ricote, C. A. Wolden and J. D. Way, "Chapter 7 - Dense Inorganic Membranes for Hydrogen Separation", in Membranes for Gas Separations, Editor C. Chin, World Scientific, pp. 271-364, (2017). Journal Link

2016

J. Trevithick, J. Li, T. R. Ohno, and C. A. Wolden, "Activation of CdTe solar cells using molecular chlorine", 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, pp. 518-523 (2016). Journal Link

J. Li, T. R. Ohno, and C. A. Wolden, "The impact of different metallization layers on CdTe Solar Cells contacted with ZnTe:Cu buffer layers", 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, pp. 1474-1479 (2016). Journal Link

J. Li, J. Trevithick, T. R. Ohno, and C. A. Wolden, "CdTe solar cells employing CdS1-yTey window layers", 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, pp. 1484-1488 (2016). Journal Link

D. M. Meysing, M. O. Reese, C. W. Warren, A. Abbas, J. M. Burst, H. P. Mahabaduge, W. K. Metzger, J. M. Walls, M. C. Lonergan, T. M. Barnes and C. A. Wolden, "Evolution of oxygenated cadmium sulfide (CdS:O) during high-temperature CdTe solar cell fabrication", Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 157, 276-285 (2016). Journal Link

A. W. Welch, L. L. Baranowski, P. Zawadzki, C. DeHart, S. Johnston, S. Lany, C. A. Wolden and A. Zakutayev, "Accelerated development of CuSbS2 thin film photovoltaic device prototypes", Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications 24, 929-939 (2016). Journal Link

S.-T. B. Lundin, T. Yamaguchi, C. A. Wolden, S. T. Oyama and J. D. Way, "The role (or lack thereof) of nitrogen or ammonia adsorption-induced hydrogen flux inhibition on palladium membrane performance", Journal of Membrane Science 514, 65-72 (2016). Journal Link

T. F. Fuerst, M. O. Reese and C. A. Wolden, "PECVD Synthesis of Flexible Optical Coatings for Renewable Energy Applications", Plasma Processes and Polymers 13, 184-190 (2016). Journal Link

C. A. Wolden, A. Abbas, J. Li, D. R. Diercks, D. M. Meysing, T. R. Ohno, J. D. Beach, T. M. Barnes and J. M. Walls,"The roles of ZnTe buffer layers on CdTe solar cell performance", Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 147, 203-210 (2016). Journal Link

2015

X. Li, C. A. Wolden, C. Ban and Y. Yang, "Facile synthesis of lithium sulfide nanocrystals for use in advanced rechargeable batteries", ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 7, 28444-28451 (2015). Journal Link

X. Li, R. M. Morrish, Y. Yang, C. A. Wolden and Y. Yang, "Thermodynamically favorable conversion of hydrogen sulfide into valuable products through reaction with sodium naphthalenide", ChemPlusChem 80, 1508-1512 (2015). Journal Link

A. W. Welch, L. Baranowski, P. Zawadzki, S. Lany, C. A. Wolden, A. Zakutayev, "CuSbSe2 photovoltaic devices with 3% efficiency", Applied Physics Express 8, 082301 (2015). Journal Link

C. W. Warren, J. Li, C. A. Wolden, D. M. Meysing, T. M. Barnes, D. W. Miller, J.T. Heath, and M. C. Lonergan, "The effect of copper on the sub-bandgap density of states in CdTe solar cells", Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 203903 (2015). Journal Link

H.P. Mahabaduge, W.L. Rance, J.M. Burst, M.O. Reese, D.M. Meysing, C.A. Wolden, J. Li, J.D. Beach, T.A. Gessert, W.K. Metzger, S. Garner, and T.M. Barnes, "High-efficiency, flexible CdTe solar cells on ultra-thin glass substrates", Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 133501 (2015). Journal Link

D. M. Meysing, C. A. Wolden, M. M. Griffith, H. Mahabaduge, J. Pankow, M. O. Reese, J. M. Burst, W. L. Rance and T. M. Barnes, "Properties of reactively sputtered oxygenated cadmium sulfide (CdS:O) and their impact on CdTe solar cell performance", J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 33, 021203 (2015). Journal Link

J. Li, D. R. Diercks, T. R. Ohno, C. W. Warren, M. C. Lonergan, J. D. Beach, and C. A. Wolden, "Controlled activation of ZnTe:Cu contacted CdTe solar cells using rapid thermal processing", Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 133, 208 (2015). Journal Link

A. W. Welch, P. P. Zawadzki, S. Lany, C. A. Wolden and A. Zakutayev, "Self-regulated growth and tunable properties of CuSbS2 solar absorbers", Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 132, 499 (2015). Journal Link

C.-P. Li, C. Engtrakul, R. C. Tenent, and C. A. Wolden, "Scalable synthesis of improved nanocrystalline, mesoporous tungsten oxide films with exceptional electrochromic performance", Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 132, 6 (2015). Journal Link

D. Meysing, M. Reese, H. Mahabaduge, W. Metzger, J. Burst, J. Duenow, T. Barnes and C. Wolden, "Chemical and mechanical techniques enabling direct characterization of the CdS/CdTe heterojunction region in completed devices," in 42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, 2015, pp. 1-6. Journal Link

A. Abbas, D. M. Meysing, J. Li, J. D. Beach, T. M. Barnes, J. M. Walls and C. A. Wolden, "Structural and chemical characterization of the back contact region in high efficiency CdTe solar cells", in 42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, 2015, pp. 1-6. Journal Link

H. Mahabaduge, D. Meysing, W. Rance, J. Burst, M. Reese, C. Wolden, T. Gessert, W. Metzger, S. Garner and T. Barnes, "The effect of back contact and rapid thermal processing conditions on flexible CdTe device performance", in 42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, 2015, pp. 1-3. Journal Link

A. W. Welch, L. L. Baranowski, F. W. de Souza Lucas, E. S. Toberer, C. A. Wolden and A. Zakutayev, "Copper antimony chalcogenide thin film PV device development", in 42nd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, 2015, pp. 1-4. Journal Link

2014

D. A. Cooney, J. D. Way, and C. A. Wolden, "A comparison of the performance and stability of Pd/BCC metal composite membranes for hydrogen purification", Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 39, 19009 (2014). Journal Link

A. Zakutayev, L. L. Baranowski, A.W. Welch, C. A. Wolden, E. S. Toberer, "Comparison of Cu-Sn-S and Cu-Sb-S as potential solar cell absorbers", Proceedings of the 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, pp. 2360-2365 (2014). Journal Link

J. Li, J.D. Beach, and C. A. Wolden, "Rapid thermal processing of ZnTe:Cu contacted CdTe solar cells", Proceedings of the 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, pp. 2436-2438 (2014). Journal Link

T. M Barnes, W. L. Rance, J. M Burst, M. O. Reese, D. M Meysing, C. A Wolden, T. A. Gessert, S. M Garner, P. Cimo, W. K Metzger, "High efficiency flexible CdTe superstrate devices", Proceedings of the 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, pp. 2289-2292 (2014). Journal Link

J. M Burst, W. L. Rance, D. M Meysing, C. A Wolden, W. K Metzger, S. M Garner, P. Cimo, T. A. Gessert, T. M Barnes, M. O. Reese, "Performance of transparent conductors on flexible glass and plastic substrates for thin film photovoltaics", Proceedings of the 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, pp. 1589-1592 (2014). Journal Link

D.M. Meysing, M.G. Griffith, M.O. Reese, J.M. Burst, W.L. Rance, W.K. Metzger, C.A. Wolden, T.M. Barnes, "Properties of oxygenated cadmium sulfide (CdS:O) and their impact on CdTe device performance", Proceedings of the 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, pp. 0964-0967 (2014). Journal Link

D.R. Diercks, J. Li, J.P. Beach, C. A Wolden, B. P Gorman, "Atom probe tomography for nanoscale characterization of CdTe device absorber layers and interfaces", Proceedings of the 40th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, pp. 0085-0089 (2014). Journal Link

M. O'Brien, K. Lee, R. Morrish, N. C. Berner, N. McEvoy, C. A. Wolden and G. S. Duesberg, "Plasma assisted synthesis of WS2 for gas sensing applications", Chem. Phys. Lett. 615, 6 (2014). Journal Link

S. S. Kelkar and C. A. Wolden, "Feature scale modeling of pulsed plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition", J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 32, 052001(2014). Journal Link

R. Morrish, T. Haak, and C. A. Wolden, "Low temperature synthesis of n-type WS2 thin films via H2S plasma sulfurization of WO3", Chem. Mater. 26, 3986 (2014). Journal Link

A. E. Lewis, H. Zhao, H. Syed, C. A. Wolden and J. D. Way,, "PdAu and PdAuAg composite membranes for hydrogen separation from synthetic water-gas shift streams containing hydrogen sulfide", J. Membr. Sci. 465, 167 (2014). Journal Link

W. L. Rance, J. M. Burst, D. M. Meysing, C. A. Wolden, M. O. Reese, T. A. Gessert, W. K. Metzger, S. Garner, P. Cimo and T. M. Barnes, "14%-Efficient Flexible CdTe Solar Cells on Ultra-Thin Glass Substrates", Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 143903 (2014). Journal Link

C.-P. Li, F. Lin, R. M. Richards, C. Engtrakul, R. C. Tenent and C. A. Wolden, "The influence of sol–gel processing on the electrochromic properties of mesoporous WO3 films produced by ultrasonic spray deposition", Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 121, 163 (2014). Journal Link

C.D. Sentman, M. O'Brien and C.A. Wolden, “Self limiting deposition of pyrite absorbers by pulsed PECVD”, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 32, 021201 (2014). Journal Link

2013

S. K. Sahoo, R. P. Patel and C. A. Wolden, “Hybrid nanolaminate dielectrics engineered for frequency and bias stability", J. Appl. Phys. 114, 074101 (2013). Journal Link

D. M. Meysing, J. M. Burst, W. L. Rance, M. O. Reese, T. M. Barnes, T. A. Gessert and C. A. Wolden, "The influence of cadmium sulfide and contact annealing configuration on the properties of high-performance cadmium stannate", Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 117, 300-305 (2013). Journal Link

S. S. Kelkar, D. Chiavetta and C. A. Wolden, "Formation of octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS) self-assembled monolayers on amorphous alumina", Appl. Surf. Sci. 282, 291-296 (2013). Journal Link

C. A. Wolden, K. Adeyemo, R. Vervuurt, M. Ostwal and J. D. Way, “Mechanistic studies of hydrogen transport through Mo2C/V composite membranes”, J. Membr. Sci. 427,150 (2013). Journal Link

R. P. Patel and C. A. Wolden, “Defect analysis and mechanical performance of plasma-deposited thin films on flexible polycarbonate substrates”, Appl. Surf. Sci. 268, 416–424 (2013). Journal Link

2012

R. Morrish, R. Silverstein and C. A. Wolden, “Synthesis of stoichiometric FeS2 through plasma-assisted sulfurization of Fe2O3 nanorods”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 17854 (2012). Journal Link

C.-P. Li, F. Lin, R. M. Richards, C. Engtrakul, A. C. Dillon, R. C. Tenent and C. A. Wolden, “Ultrasonic spray deposition of high performance WO3 films using template-assisted sol-gel chemistry”, Electrochem. Comm. 25, 62 (2012). Journal Link

S. K. Sahoo, R. P. Patel and C. A. Wolden, "Leakage current mechanisms in high performance alumina-silicone nanolaminate dielectrics”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 142903 (2012). Journal Link

J. S. Fish, C.-P. Li, J. D. Fehribach, C. A. Wolden, R. O'Hayre, A. L. Bunge and C. E. Goodyer, “Poisson-Boltzmann model of space charge layer effects on conductivity in randomly distributed nanoionic composites”, Electrochim. Acta 83, 454 (2012). Journal Link

C.-P. Li, R. C. Tenent, A. C. Dillon, R. M. Morrish and C. A. Wolden, “Improved durability of WO3 nanocomposite films using atomic layer and vapor deposited coatings”, ECS Electrochem. Lett. 1, H24 (2012). Journal Link

C.-P. Li, A. C. Dillon, C. A. Wolden and R. C. Tenent , “Electrochromic films produced by ultrasonic spray deposition of tungsten oxide nanoparticles”, Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells 99, 50, (2012). Journal Link

F. Lin, C.-P. Li, G. Chen, C. T. Robert, C. A. Wolden, D. T. Gillaspie, A. C. Dillon, R. M. Richards and C. Engtrakul, “Low-temperature ozone exposure technique to modulate the stoichiometry of WOx nanorods and optimize the electrochromic performance”, Nanotechnology 23, 255601 (2012).   Journal Link

C.-P. Li, A. C. Dillon, C. A. Wolden and R. C. Tenent, "Electrochromic films produced by ultrasonic spray deposition of tungsten oxide nanoparticles", Solar Energy Mater. Solar Cells, 90, 50 (2012). Journal Link

2011

S. K. Gade, S. J. Chmelka, S. Parks, J. D. Way, and C. A. Wolden, “Molybdenum carbide composite membranes for high temperature H2 separation”, Adv. Mater. 23, 3585–3589 (2011).  Journal Link

R. P. Patel, D. Chiavetta, and C. A. Wolden, “Dielectric performance of hybrid alumina-silicone nanolaminates synthesized by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition”, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 29, 06150 (2011). Journal Link

S. K. Gade, S. J. Chmelka, S. Parks, J. D. Way, C. A. Wolden, "Dense Carbide/Metal Composite Membranes for Hydrogen Separations Without Platinum Group Metals", Adv. Mater. 23, 3585 (2011). Journal Link

C. A. Wolden, J. Kurtin, J. B. Baxter, I. Repins, S. E. Shaheen, J. T. Torvik, A. A. Rockett, V. M. Fthenakis, E.S. Aydil,"Photovoltaic manufacturing: Present status and future prospects" , J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 29, 030801 (2011) Journal Link Featured on the cover.

R. Morrish, M. Rahman, J. M. D. MacElroy, C. A. Wolden, " Activation of hematite nanorod arrays for photoelectrochemical water splitting", ChemSusChem4, 474-479 (2011). Journal Link

R. P. Patel and C. A. Wolden, "PECVD synthesis of silica-silicone nanolaminates using a single precursor" , J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 29, 021012 (2011). Journal Link

C.A. Wolden, A. Pickerell, T. Gawai, S. Parks, J. Hensley, and J. Douglas Way, "Synthesis of b-Mo2C Thin Films", ACS Appl. Mater. Inter3, 517-521(2011). Journal Link